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Advances in Psychological Science    2012, Vol. 20 Issue (11) : 1822-1833     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2012.01822
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The Relationship Between ADHD and Crime and Its Judicial Enlightenments
(College of Criminal Justice, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing 100088, China)
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Abstract  ADHD is a common mental disorder with obvious symptoms of inattention, difficulty in controlling their behavior and hyperactivity et al. in childhood and may persist into adolescent and adult, and these defects may increase the possibility of crime. Minimal brain dysfunction theory, self-regulation theory, reinforcement sensitivity theory, and the related personality theory et al. can, to some extent, explain the relationship between ADHD and crime. There exist three different way of ADHD’s influencing on crime-independent effect, indirect effect and no effect. This paper specially states the performance characteristics of ADHD patients during the criminal justice process and the related judicial enlightenment. Future studies should explore the affection of ADHD on crime in the genic, neurophysiological mechanism and their interactions with environment. Moreover, the possible effect of ADHD should be considered in the process of crime prevention, trial, court and the treatment of offenders.
Keywords ADHD      comorbid disorders      crime     
Corresponding Authors: YANG Bo   
Issue Date: 01 November 2012
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SONG Ping,YANG Bo. The Relationship Between ADHD and Crime and Its Judicial Enlightenments[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(11): 1822-1833.
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