ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (8): 1460-1467.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01460

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

自主选择偏好:表现、机制与应用

陈煦海(), 吴茜   

  1. 陕西师范大学心理学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-03 出版日期:2019-07-26 发布日期:2019-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈煦海 E-mail:shiningocean@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 教育部人文社科规划基金项目(19YJA190001);陕西师范大学优秀青年学术骨干资助计划(16QNGG006);中央高校基本科研业务费(GK201903105)

Self-choice preference: Manifestation, mechanism and application

CHEN Xvhai(), WU Qian   

  1. School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2018-10-03 Online:2019-07-26 Published:2019-06-25
  • Contact: Xvhai CHEN E-mail:shiningocean@snnu.edu.cn

摘要:

自主选择偏好指当面临自主选择或委托他人选择时, 人们总是偏好自主选择, 即使为此付出代价也在所不惜。自主选择偏好可能有过度自信、控制幻觉和模糊厌恶的原因, 但更多可能源于自主选择本身承载了某种内在价值。奖赏系统(纹状体、内侧前额叶)的神经活动是其关键的神经基础, 同时自主选择也受认知调控系统的调节。未来研究应在社会情景下揭示自主选择偏好的作用机制和调控因素, 并探索它在群体间的平衡机制, 以增进个体幸福和群体利益。

关键词: 自主选择偏好, 选择效应, 内在价值, 奖赏系统

Abstract:

Self-choice preference refers to the fact that people always prefer self-determined choice when faced with self-selection or entrusting others to choose, even if they have to pay for this. Specifically, this phenomenon is manifested by the willingness to pay for the right of self-determined choice, regarding the right of self-determined choice as a reward, being more motivated for the self-determined choice, and preference of the self-selected outcome. This is to say, people will pay more money or make more effort to hold the right to choose firmly in their own hands, which will make them feel positive. Overconfidence, ambiguity aversion, and illusory of control are thought to be its underlying mechanism, however, it is more likely it is the intrinsic values embedded in the self-determined choice that make people prefer choosing themselves. It is mainly supported by the reward system (striatum, medial prefrontal lobe), and regulated by cognitive control system. Self-choice preference is widely used in decision-making, management, and education. Future research should further reveal its mechanism and regulatory factors under social scenarios, and explore the balance mechanism of self-choice preferences among different groups, in order to promote individual wellbeing and group interests.

Key words: self-choice preference, selection effect, control premium, reward system

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