ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (3): 316-323.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00316

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

远期恐惧记忆再巩固更新机制的线索选择性特点

胡静初1,2, 张蔚欣1,3, 陈小婷1, 王文清1, 王子洁1, 庄楚群1, 冯彪1, 郑希付1()   

  1. 1华南师范大学心理学院
    2华南师范大学生命科学学院, 广州 510631
    3中山纪念中学, 广东 中山 528400
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-05 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-01-22
  • 通讯作者: 郑希付 E-mail:zhengxf@scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金(31771218);广东省自然科学基金博士科研启动基金资助(2018A030310661);中国博士后科学基金第64批面上项目资助(2018M640791)

Cue specificity of reconsolidation update mechanism in remote fear memories

HU Jingchu1,2, ZHANG Weixin1,3, CHEN Xiaoting1, WANG Wenqing1, WANG Zijie1, ZHUANG Chuqun1, FENG Biao1, ZHENG Xifu1()   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    2 School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    3 Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Secondary School, Zhongshan, 528400, China
  • Received:2017-12-05 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-01-22
  • Contact: ZHENG Xifu E-mail:zhengxf@scnu.edu.cn

摘要:

已有动物和人类研究均表明, 通过记忆的再巩固更新机制能有效削弱新形成的条件性恐惧记忆(1天), 并且存在线索选择性特点。然而创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)往往在形成相当一段时间后才能得到治疗, 且现实生活中人们通常一次习得对多个线索的恐惧。因此找到针对多线索创伤记忆的有效治疗方法显得尤为重要。目前未有人研究远期恐惧记忆的再巩固更新机制是否存在线索选择性特点。为探究远期恐惧记忆(>7天)的再巩固更新机制是否同样存在线索选择性特点, 本研究采用被试内实验设计, 以皮肤电作为恐惧反应指标, 多个线索作为条件刺激进行恐惧习得, 习得14天后给被试单独呈现一个线索进行恐惧记忆提取, 10分钟后进行消退训练, 24小时后对不同线索进行自发恢复测试。结果显示:未提取线索的自发恢复程度显著高于提取线索。说明远期记忆(14天)的再巩固更新机制同样存在线索选择性特点, 并确认了提取消退作为一种行为手段对远期恐惧记忆再巩固进行干预的有效性, 对临床干预具有一定指导意义。

关键词: 远期记忆再巩固, 线索选择性, 条件性恐惧, 提取消退

Abstract:

Recent studies of fear memories conducted in both humans and animals have suggested that new fear memories (1-day old) can be attenuated using a reconsolidation update mechanism, which is selective to the reactivated cue. In real life, patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) usually receive treatment much after the traumatic memories form, and a traumatic event can be associated with multiple cues. However, the cue specificity of reconsolidation update mechanism in remote fear memories (> 7 days) remains largely unknown.
To assess the cue specificity of remote fear memories (14 days) reconsolidation, we explored whether retrieval-extinction during the reconsolidation time window of remote fear memories is selective to the reactivated cue. We used a within-subject design, and skin-conductance response (SCR) served as the measurement. All subjects underwent fear conditioning by three coloured squares on day 1. Two squares (CSa+ and CSb+) were paired with the shock on 38% of the trials. The third square (CS-) was never paired with the shock. Fourteen days later, subjects received a single presentation of CSa+ (reactivated CS+) but not CSb+ (non-reactivated CS+). Ten minutes after the reminder trial, extinction training was conducted (within the reconsolidation window). Twenty-four hours later, all subjects returned to the experiment room and received spontaneous recovery test of the remote fear memories.
Results showed that there is no recovery for the reminded CS+, but significant recovery for non-reminded CS+ during spontaneous recovery testing. The recovery index (which was calculated as the first trial on day 16 minus the last trial on day 15 by differential SCR) of non-reminded CS+ was found to be significantly higher than that of the reminded CS+ (p < 0.05). Thus, retrieval-extinction during reconsolidation window only attenuates the fear memory of the reactivated cue.
Our findings demonstrated that the reconsolidation update mechanism is effective for attenuating remote fear memories, and that this mechanism is selective to the reactivated cue of remote memories. We provide evidence to support the ongoing efforts in the development of novel strategies to combat remote pathogenic memories, which we think could lead to a more effective application of the reconsolidation update mechanism.

Key words: remote memory reconsolidation, cue specificity, conditioned fear, retrieval-extinction

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