ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (12): 1571-1582.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2012.01571

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

汉语短时序列回忆中的语音相似性和视觉相似性效应

李轩;刘思耘   

  1. (青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室; 湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室(华中师范大学); 华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-26 出版日期:2012-12-25 发布日期:2012-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘思耘, E-mail: liusy@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(项目号:CCNU11A02018)、湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室开放项目(项目号:201007)资助。

The Effects of Phonological Similarity and Visual Similarity in Immediate Serial Recall of Chinese Characters

LI Xuan;LIU Si-Yun   

  1. (Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2011-07-26 Online:2012-12-25 Published:2012-12-25
  • Contact: LIU Si-Yun

摘要: 语音相似性效应和视觉相似性效应是短时序列回忆中的两个典型性效应, 但前人很少探讨这两种效应的交互作用。本研究利用汉语字形和语音的属性, 观察汉字短时序列回忆中语音相似性效应、视觉相似性效应及两者的交互作用。研究结果发现当回忆项目在语音或视觉上单纯相似或不相似时, 视觉相似性效应及其与语音相似性的交互作用与混合词表条件下所发现的结果有很大的不同。这个研究结果为丰富和补充相关理论模型提供了进一步实证依据。

关键词: 即时序列回忆, 语音相似性, 视觉相似性

Abstract: Phonological similarity effect and visual similarity effect are two typical effects found in immediate serial recalls. Previous studies have proposed several theoretical models about the two effects, but no consensus on the processing mechanism of the two effects has been obtained. On the other hand, most previous research used alphabetic languages to investigate the phonological similarity effect, and used pictures and faces for visual similarity effect. Very few studies have investigated the interaction of the two effects. The orthographic features of Chinese make Chinese language a perfect material to observe the interaction of phonological and visual similarity effects. Two experiments were conducted in this study: 1) in Experiment 1, the phonological and visual similarity of Chinese characters were manipulated in the immediate serial recall. Results showed that the phonological similarity effect was significant, and so was the interaction of the phonological and visual similarity effects. However, when the phonological information of the to-be-remembered items were similar, the visual similarity of the items improved the immediate serial recall; when the phonological information was dissimilar, the visual similarity of the items interfered the performance of the participants. 2) in Experiment 2, a mixed list was used in the immediate serial recall. Results indicated that both a phonological similarity effect and a reversed visual similarity effect were found, but not an interaction between the two. In addition, in the mixed list, the recall of the dissimilar items were not influenced by the similar ones; however, when the mixed list were visually manipulated, the dissimilar items were improved by the similar ones, which is exactly the mixed list advantage effect. In summary, current findings of the phonological similarity effect, the visual similarity effect, the interaction of the two effects, and the mixed list advantage effect in Chinese immediate serial recall helped us further understand the short-term memory processings underpinning performances of the tasks, and gave prominence of Chinese language in contribution to the studies of short-term memory.

Key words: phonological similarity effect, visual similarity effect, immediate serial recall