ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1962, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (4): 20-29.

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关于錯觉的一般理論、錯觉的說明和錯觉的控制

龙叔修   

  • 出版日期:1962-12-25 发布日期:1962-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 龙叔修

CONCERNING A GENERAL THEORY OF ILLUSIONS AND THE EXPLANATION AND CONTROL OF THEM

LUNG SHU-HSIU   

  • Online:1962-12-25 Published:1962-12-25

摘要: <正> 錯觉的本貭是旧的、已經确立了的、作为感知过程的基础的神經联系在新的、不寻常的环境情况下的失效。由于牢固的神經联系——个体經驗中的暫时联系或已經通过种族遺传的固定联系,这里难以划定清楚的界綫——某种刺激条件产生了确定的感知效果,而这个效果却是不符合当前的客观情况的。 产生錯觉的关鍵不在感官,也不在脑,而在于不同的客观情况提供了相同的或等值的刺激条件,而我們的神經联系却是在其中之一种客观情况下建立和发展起来的,不可能同时也适合于另一种。按照感知效果应該肯定一种客观情况,而实践指明应該肯定另

关键词: NULL

Abstract: In the general theory of illusions set forth in this article, illusions as well as normal perceptions are regarded as reflex end-effects of nervous action started by a given set of stimulus conditions and fully determined in their conscious content by existing neural connections. Essentially different environmental features or characteristics of objective reality can offer the same stimulus conditions. Illusions occur when neural connections remain what they are since their establishment in evolutional and developmental history, while the environment takes on new features or reality characteristics change from the usual to the unusualFrom the point of view of the proposed theory, an illusion of visual stereo-effect (the "kite illusion"), the so-called "illusion of Aristotle", the geometrical optical illusions and the "moon illusion" are discussed. The question of the possibility of reforming undesirable illusions, of changing the illusory into normal perception, is answered in the affirmative, and the means thereto is suggested.

Key words: NULL