ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2024, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (1): 93-106.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2024.00093

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


董琳1, 叶扬华1, 黄慧雅1, 李丽娜2, 李何慧1(), 罗跃嘉3,4()   

  1. 1深圳大学心理学院脑疾病与认知科学研究中心, 广东 深圳 518060
    2吉林医药学院外语教研部公共外语教研室, 吉林 吉林 132013
    3北京师范大学认知神经科学与学习国家重点实验室, 北京 100875
    4康复大学(筹)社会发展与管理学院神经心理康复研究所, 山东 青岛 266000
  • 收稿日期:2022-11-08 发布日期:2023-11-23 出版日期:2024-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 李何慧,罗跃嘉;
  • 基金资助:

Differential effects of foreign language reading anxiety on the reading-related networks in the cerebellum and cerebrum

DONG Lin1, YE Yanghua1, HUANG Huiya1, LI Lina2, LI Hehui1(), LUO Yue-Jia3,4()   

  1. 1Center for Brain Disorders and Cognitive Sciences, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
    2Foreign Language Teaching and Research Department, Jilin Medical College, Jilin 132013, China
    3The State Key Lab of Cognitive and Learning, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    4Institute for Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, School of Social Development and Health Management, University of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Qingdao 266000, China
  • Received:2022-11-08 Online:2023-11-23 Published:2024-01-25
  • Contact: LI Hehui, LUO Yue-Jia;


以往研究多关注阅读焦虑如何影响情绪脑区的神经活动, 几乎没有研究考察阅读焦虑是否以及如何影响阅读网络。为了探讨此问题, 本研究从大脑和小脑功能差异的视角入手, 采集了49名成人被试在英语词汇阅读任务中的神经影像数据, 试图探讨外语阅读焦虑影响大、小脑内阅读网络的机制。结果发现, 在行为层面上, 外语阅读焦虑与外语词汇解码显著相关, 但与外语词汇加工效率并不存在显著的相关关系; 神经层面上, 外语阅读焦虑与小脑内阅读相关区域激活显著相关, 与大脑内阅读网络的神经活动并不存在显著的相关, 但其与大脑内阅读区和非阅读相关区域间的功能连接显著相关。本研究结合大、小脑的功能分化, 深入揭示了外语阅读焦虑影响外语阅读的认知与神经机制。

关键词: 外语阅读焦虑, 外语阅读表现, 大脑, 小脑


Reading in a foreign language has increasingly become an essential skill for a successful life. Compared to the native language, reading in a foreign language may induce negative feelings (such as anxiety) on a large scale. Multiple studies have reported that there is a negative relationship between reading anxiety and reading performance in a foreign language. But little is known about how foreign language reading anxiety affects reading performance; for example, which aspect of reading performance would be affected. Previous studies suggested that foreign language reading anxiety can affect reading performance via the neural activity of emotion-related regions. However, few studies explored whether and how foreign language reading anxiety affects reading-related networks. In the present study, we aimed to investigate this issue from the perspective of functional differentiation of the cerebellum and cerebrum. In the current study, brain images of forty-nine adults were acquired during the English rhyming judgment task via functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Reading networks in the cerebrum and the cerebellum were defined by regions showing significant activation in the reading tasks. We focused on the correlation between the regions in the reading networks and reading anxiety levels. The results are as follows: (1) The levels of foreign language reading anxiety rather than the general anxiety were significantly correlated with foreign language reading performance. (2) Foreign language reading anxiety showed a significant correlation with lexical processing effectiveness instead of lexical processing efficiency. (3) The fMRI results further demonstrated that foreign language reading anxiety may affect reading networks in the cerebrum and cerebellum, diversely. Specifically, the anxiety level was significantly and negatively correlated with the activation of the right cerebellar VI and bilateral cerebellar Crus I, which effect was absent in the cerebrum. However, we observed that reading anxiety was significantly associated with the strength of functional connectivity between the right supplementary motor area and the left superior parietal gyrus. Combining behavioral and fMRI experiments, the present study deeply revealed the cognitive and neural mechanisms of how foreign language reading anxiety affects foreign language reading performance as well as reading networks in the cerebrum and the cerebellum.

Key words: foreign language reading anxiety, foreign language reading performance, the cerebrum, the cerebellum