ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 518-526.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00518

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


 林弋琪1;王 希2,3;彭凯平1,2;倪士光3   

  1.  (1清华伯克利深圳学院, 深圳 518055) (2清华大学心理学系, 北京 100084) (3清华大学深圳研究生院, 深圳 518055)
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-27 出版日期:2018-03-15 发布日期:2018-01-31
  • 通讯作者: 彭凯平, E-mail:; 倪士光, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:; E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
     广东省自然科学基金青年项目(2015A030310215), 深圳市2017年科技计划项目基础研究(自由探索) (JCYJ20170307153032483), 深圳市教育科学“十三五”规划2016年招标重点课题(zdzz16002)的资助。

 Virtual reality technology in the psychological treatment for autism spectrum disorders: An systematic review

 LIN Yiqi1; WANG Xi2,3;PENG Kaiping1,2; NI Shiguang3   

  1.  (1 Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Insititute, ShenZhen 518055, China) (2 Department of Psychology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China) (3 Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, ShenZhen 518055, China)
  • Received:2017-06-27 Online:2018-03-15 Published:2018-01-31
  • Contact: PENG Kaiping, E-mail:; NI Shiguang, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:; E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  自闭症谱系障碍(autism spectrum disorders, ASD)治疗是心理治疗的重要研究部分, 但传统干预心理疗法有其局限性。随着虚拟现实(Virtual Reality, VR)技术的发展, 虚拟现实技术被广泛应用于心理治疗领域并展现出独特的优势。文章探讨了虚拟现实技术在自闭症谱系障碍治疗中的可行性, 归纳总结了其在自闭症谱系障碍治疗中的最新应用, 分析了虚拟现实技术应用于自闭症谱系障碍治疗过程中技术、实验方法和人的多样化带来的挑战。未来这一方向的研究可以致力于研究更透彻的生理机制、注重虚拟现实技术的提升、采用人工智能等高端科技以及实现系统普适化和定制化的双向发展。

关键词: 虚拟现实技术, 自闭症谱系障碍, 心理治疗

Abstract:  Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) treatment is an important part of psychological treatment, but the conventional intervention psychotherapy has its limitations. Virtual reality (Virtual Reality, VR) technology has been shown to have promising applications in the field of psychological treatment and has distinct advantages over existing ASD treatments thanks to its ability to take into account the specific characteristics of ASD patients. This paper discusses the potential of virtual reality technology in the treatment of autism spectrum disorder and the current applications of VR technology for the therapeutic treatment of specific fears, emotion recognition, and social function in ASD patients. It also discusses the limitations of current VR experimental methods and the challenges associated with the research of VR on a growing variety of patients. Potential applications of virtual reality technology on ASD treatment are analyzed using a thorough psychological mechanism and demonstrate the need to upgrade virtual reality technology, artificial intelligence, and other high-end technology so as to optimize enhance human-computer interaction. Future commercialization efforts will also require VR systems to be both universal but also customizable so that they may cater to different patient characteristics.

Key words: virtual reality technology, autism spectrum disorders, psychotherapy