ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (12): 2245-2255.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.02245

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (华中师范大学心理学院暨青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-13 出版日期:2013-12-15 发布日期:2013-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 郭永玉
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目“不同社会阶层分配不公平感的归因模式及应对策略” (71171094)。

Whether Lower Social Class Individuals are More Likely to Believe the Social System to be Justified

YANG Shenlong;GUO Yongyu;LI Jing   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, and Hubei Human Development and Mental Health Key Laboratory, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2013-06-13 Online:2013-12-15 Published:2013-12-15
  • Contact: GUO Yongyu


社会阶层代表了一个人的客观社会地位和主观上对此地位的感知。对于低阶层的个体怎样看待现存社会系统的问题, 学界观点不一。系统公正理论认为低阶层的人比高阶层更倾向于相信其所处社会系统是公正的, 相关研究支持了此观点。而社会支配理论和阶层的社会认知视角则认为低阶层比高阶层更容易对社会不满, 也有研究支持此论断。个人因素、社会属性以及人与社会的关系可能会调节这一过程, 也有研究显示阶层高低与系统公正感的关系可能是非线性的。未来研究可尝试建立非线性的假设, 并从概念辨析、理论整合、多种方法并用等角度来进一步探讨此问题。

关键词: 社会阶层, 社会系统, 系统公正理论, 社会支配理论, 阶层的社会认知视角


Social class is a context rooted in both the material substance of social life (income, education, occupation status) and the individual’s construal of his or her class rank. Academics hold different ideas on the question that how lower social class individuals consider the social system. The system justification theory points out lower-class individuals consider the social system as justified more often than the higher. The social dominance theory and the social cognitive perspective, however, hold that lower-class individuals are more likely to be dissatisfied with the social system compared to the higher-class. Both of these opposing views have been supported by relevant studies. Individual factors, social properties and the relationship between an individual and society may moderate this process. Moreover, several researches show that the relation between social class and system justification may be nonlinear. The future research can be based on nonlinear hypothesis, and should deeply explore this question in term of concept identification, theory integration and research methods.

Key words: social class, social system, social justification theory, social dominance theory, social class from a social cognitive perspective