ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (8): 1382-1389.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01382

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

聚焦词素语义加工的时间轴 —— 先形后义还是形义并行?


  1. (1广东技术师范学院教育学院, 广州 510665) (2树童国际语言教育研究院, 广州 511400) (3南京师范大学外国语学院, 南京 210097)
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-30 出版日期:2013-08-15 发布日期:2013-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 张玲燕

On the Time Axis of Morpho-semantic Activation: Form-then-meaning or Form-with-meaning?

ZHANG Lingyan;JIN Tan;TIAN Zhaoxia   

  1. (1 Faculty of Education, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665, China) (2 Shu Tong Research Institute of International Language Education, Guangzhou 511400, China) (3 School of Foreign Languages and Cultures, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China)
  • Received:2012-08-30 Online:2013-08-15 Published:2013-08-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Lingyan

摘要: 目前学术界在词素的认知加工这一问题上存在两种观点。“先形后义”激活论认为词素加工首先经历词形分离, 然后才能激活词素语义; “形义并行”激活论则认为上述两种加工同时发生。它们争论的焦点在于词素语义加工发生的阶段。“先形后义”有两种可能:词素形、义激活均发生于前词汇阶段, 但形的激活发生更早些; 或词素形的激活发生在前词汇阶段, 而义的激活发生在后词汇阶段。“形义并行”则只有一种可能:词素形与义在前词汇阶段同时得到激活。两派观点均有相应的实证和理论支持(前词汇和后词汇模型)。未来研究需解决研究范式及理论发展方面的问题。

关键词: 视觉词汇加工, 词素, 合成词, 词素语义加工

Abstract: Previous studies of morphological processing have given rise to two opposing views. On one hand, the form-then-meaning account contends that during morphological processing, morpho-orthographic information is firstly decomposed, followed by morpho-semantic activation. On the other hand, the form-with-meaning account argues that morpho-orthographic decomposition and morpho-semantic activation occur simultaneously. The focus of debate is thus on the locus of morpho-semantic activation. The form-then-meaning activation allows two possibilities: (1) that both morpho-orthographic decomposition and morpho-semantic activation occur prelexically, but with the former occurring much earlier; or (2) morpho-orthographic decomposition is prelexical and morpho-semantic activation is supralexical. In contrast, the form-with-meaning activation only allows the co-occurrence of morpho-orthographic decomposition and morpho-semantic activation at a prelexical level. Both sides, evidenced by congregating data from empirical and theoretical (prelexical/supralexical models) studies, are examined here. It is suggested that future studies are expected to address issues from the perspective of research paradigms and theoretical development.

Key words: visual word recognition, morpheme, compound words, morpho-semantic activation