ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 571-580.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.00571

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  1. (1浙江师范大学心理系, 金华 321004) (2首都师范大学心理系, 北京 100048)
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-26 出版日期:2013-04-15 发布日期:2013-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 任俊
  • 基金资助:


Optimistic Intelligence Quotient: Playing A More Important Role in Human Development than IQ and EQ

REN Jun;PENG Nianqiang;LUO Jing   

  1. (1 Department of Psychlology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China) (2 Department of Psychlology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China)
  • Received:2012-12-26 Online:2013-04-15 Published:2013-04-15
  • Contact: REN Jun

摘要: 乐商(或乐观智力)是指人乐观的能力, 它既包括一个人乐观水平的高低, 也包括个体从所经历的消极事件中获取积极成分的能力, 以及影响或感染他人的能力。“杜乡微笑”是高乐商的一种主要外在表现形式。心理学过去的有关研究证实, 高乐商不仅有利于个体的社会性发展、获得稳定的幸福婚姻、提高人的生理健康水平、提高学业成绩和减少坏事情的发生, 而且高乐商还有利于促使个体寻求社会支持和社会交往。这些研究结果表明, 乐商可能是一个比智商和情商更能决定人未来发展命运的因素。

关键词: 乐商, 杜乡微笑, 积极力量, 归因风格问卷

Abstract: Optimistic Intelligence Quotient or Optimistic Intelligence is the ability of optimism, which includes not only the level of a person’s optimism, but also a person’s ability of acquiring the positive compositions from his negative experiences that he had as well as the ability of influencing or affecting the people around. ‘Duchenne Smile’ is a main form of expression of high OQ. The relevant research about psychology in the past proves that high OQ not only is beneficial to the social development of a person, gaining a stable happy marriage, the improvement of a person’s physical health, the improvement of academic performance, decreasing the occurrence of bad things, but also benefits a person’s pursuit of social support and interaction. All these research results show that OQ is likely to be an aspect playing a more important role in destiny than IQ and EQ.

Key words: Optimistic Intelligence Quotient, Duchenne Smile, positive strength, Attributional Style Questionnaire