ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 96-105.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00096

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Adaptive narcissism and maladaptive narcissism: Diverse evidences for the distinction

YU Zhenkun, LIU Yunzhi, LUO Yu, CAI Huajian   

  1. Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-04-10 Online:2019-01-15 Published:2018-11-23


Recently, researchers have proposed to distinguish between adaptive narcissism and maladaptive narcissism. We reviewed the existing evidence that support this distinction, showing that two kinds of narcissism differ from each other in 1) constitutive components; 2) associations with intrapersonal and interpersonal adaptions; 3) personality nomologic networks; 4) developmental trajectories; 5) genetic and environmental bases. Distinguishing between adaptive and maladaptive narcissism may help us better understand the complexity of narcissism as well as narcissists on one hand; on the other hand, improve future research and intervention practice.

Key words: narcissism, adaptive narcissism, maladaptive narcissism, adaption

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