ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 747-760.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00747

• Regular Articles • Previous Articles    

Time related research and future direction in organizational behavior field

DONG Xiaowei1, QIN Xin1, CHEN Chen1, HUANG Mingpeng2, DENG Huiru1, ZHOU Hansen1, SONG Bodi1   

  1. 1Sun Yat-sen Business School, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-05-08 Online:2021-04-15 Published:2021-02-23

Abstract: Most of the existing literature on organizational behavior has taken a static perspective and has focused on overall variable levels over a period of time, while the role of time, such as the dynamic characteristics of variables over a period of time, has been largely neglected. Taking the role of time into consideration, that is, focusing on the dynamic characteristics of variables and exploring their antecedents and outcomes from a dynamic perspective, is an important approach that provides a new perspective on existing research, which in turn expands traditional management theories. In line with this approach, in recent years, some scholars have begun to focus on the role of time and to explore the dynamic characteristics of variables. However, in general, this type of research is still quite rare and disorganized in different fields. Therefore, this review first divides the relevant research into four categories according to two dimensions: the first of the dimensions being the type of dynamic characteristics of variables (i.e., trend vs. variability) and the second being the role of dynamic characteristics of variables in the theoretical model (i.e., independent variable vs. dependent variable). Based on this categorization, this review systematically reviews the related studies and the theories applied in them. Finally, suggestions for future research are provided by taking the role of time into consideration (e.g., paying more attention to the variability of variables).

Key words: time, dynamic, organizational behavior, trend, variability

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