ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 505-519.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00505

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Reconsideration of Schadenfreude and a proposal of an interactive process model

ZHANG Yan1, WANG Junxiu1, XI Juzhe2,3   

  1. 1Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing 100732, China;
    2School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    3Affiliated Mental Health Center, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200335, China
  • Received:2020-07-28 Online:2021-03-15 Published:2021-01-27

Abstract: Schadenfreude is a social emotion involving feelings of satisfaction or joy arising from learning about other people’s misfortunes. Although it is regarded as universally prevalent there has been very little research about it. While it used to be posited immoral, recent scholars have considered it to be meaningful and have undertaken research about it. In this essay, Chinese and international studies were reviewed, concepts and measurements of Schadenfreude were summarized, and an interactive process model (IPM) was proposed. The strength of the model lies in that it integrated factors of both parties in interaction (the self and the others) based on an interactive perspective and it clarified the process of and the changes after the occurrence of Schadenfreude based on a process perspective. According to the model, researchers should pay attention to the contexts and interactions before and after the occurrence of Schadenfreude. The model may also assist our understanding of studies on other social emotions.

Key words: Schadenfreude, interactive process model, social emotion

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