ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (9): 1670-1679.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01670

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Aging stereotype threat and it’s manipulations in psychological research

PAN Wenjing, WEN Fangfang**(), ZUO Bin*()   

  1. School of Psychology and Research Centre of Social Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2017-10-11 Online:2018-09-15 Published:2018-07-30
  • Contact: Fangfang WEN,Bin ZUO;


With the explosive growth of the aging population, researchers are paying more and more attention to stereotype threat among older adults. Unlike the race/ethnicity and gender stereotype threats, aging stereotype threat is characterized by its accumulativeness, intercommunity, and continuity. Existing research on aging stereotype threat has been primarily focused on cognitive aging, in particular, memory aging, and the impact of aging stereotype threat on older drivers and workers. Five intervening factors are shown to be effective in mitigating the adverse effects of aging stereotype threat: cognitive modification, group identification, intergenerational contact, self-actualization and individualization, and influence of mass media. Laboratory studies of aging stereotype threat use both explicit and implicit manipulation methods. Future research can benefit from extending to broader research areas, refining differences between age groups, comparing the overall effect size and gender difference, emphasizing on positive effects, and drawing upon indigenous studies and cross-cultural comparisons.

Key words: aging population, aging stereotype threat, manipulation, cognitive modification, group identification

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