ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (11): 1758-1766.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01758

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The consciousness level of error processing and the error-related ERP components

HAN Mingxiu; JIA Shiwei   

  1. (School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China)
  • Received:2015-10-16 Online:2016-11-15 Published:2016-11-15
  • Contact: JIA Shiwei, E-mail:


The consciousness level of error processing includes conscious processing, unconscious processing, and the levels between the two. The error reporting paradigm is usually used in studies of error processing under different consciousness status. Based on the sorting results, correlational studies can be classifed as the binary consciousness research and the multiple consciousness research. Previous research mainly focused on the relationship between consciousness level and Ne, Pe. Two kinds studies of ERP consistently showed the relationship between consciousness of error and Pe with no support, but whether the Ne reflects conscious processing of error is still under controversial debates. Besides, researchers explored the influence of attention on error consciousness, which results supported the relationship between the Pe and error consciousness and doubted the effects of attention on consciousness level. Based on the review of past studies, we propose some directions for the future research.