ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (9): 1627-1636.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01627

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The Double-edged Effect and Mechanism of Time Pressure

LI Aimei; YAN Liang; WANG Xiaotian; MA Xueqian; LI Fangjun   

  1. (Management School, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China)
  • Received:2015-01-29 Online:2015-09-15 Published:2015-09-15
  • Contact: LI Aimei, E-mail:


Time pressure has been identified as a pervasive societal problem. Researchers have been studying its influence on individuals for decades. Earlier researches concentrated mainly on the negative consequences of time pressure. Recently, however, many studies have revealed the motivating effects of it. This paper introduced the concept and measurement of time pressure and summarized its detrimental effects and motivating effects. The attentional focus model, activation theory, vitamin model and the challenge-hindrance model were used to explain the mechanism of the double-edged effect of time pressure. Future researches should have more concern on: (1) Examining the time pressure in different domains (working and nonworking) based on mental accounting theory of time; (2) The motivational and affective mechanisms underlying the positive effects of time pressure; (3) Exploring personal and situational factors which might alleviate the detrimental effects of time pressure.

Key words: time pressure, the double-edged effect, detrimental effect, motivating effect, the challenge- hindrance model