ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 38-47.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00038

• Research Methods • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Observer-rating: An Efficient Method in Assessing People’s Personality

ZHANG Denghao;TENG Fei;PAN Xue   

  1. (1 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China) (2 Department of Psychology, Hongkong University, Hongkong, China)
  • Received:2013-04-18 Online:2014-01-15 Published:2014-01-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Denghao


Observer-rating is efficient in assessing people’s personality, and even more efficient than self-rating in certain circumstances. Based on realistic accuracy model (RAM) and weighted-average model (WAM), the focal observation summarized factors that might influence the accuracy of observer’s rating such as familiarity, quality of relationship with the target, the visibility of a trait, and assumed similarity. Moreover, we suggested several ways that might help in solving the problems of the current investigations. For instance, sampling in a wide range, enhancing the ecological validity in different circumstances and adopting multiple strategies to assess personality should be considered in future research.

Key words: observer-rating, personality assessment, realistic accuracy model, assumed similarity