ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (03): 50-56.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

汉字的视觉识别过程:对形码和音码作用的考察

谭力海;彭聃龄   

  1. 北京师范大学心理学系,北京师范大学心理学系 100875 ,100875
  • 出版日期:1991-09-25 发布日期:1991-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 谭力海

VISUAL RECOGNITION PROCESSES OF CHINESE CHARACTERS: A RESEARCH TO THE EFFECT OF GRAPHEME AND PHONEME

Tan Lihai;Peng Uanling Psychology Department, Beijing Normal University   

  • Online:1991-09-25 Published:1991-09-25

摘要: 本实验应用启动条件下的词汇判断法,探讨了字形和语音在汉字视觉识别过程中的作用。实验发现,当启动词中的某个成分字和目标字形状相似时,被试对目标字的反应速度显著加快,表明特征分析是汉字识别的必经阶段;启动词中的多音字不但会促进被试对和其适当读音相近的目标字的反应,而且会促进被试对和其不适当读音相近的目标字的反应。这就明,在到达心理词典之前,熟悉的中文字词的语音特征已经得到了自动的激活。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Using lexical decision task, the experiment was designed to test whe-ther feature analysis is a necessary stage of visual recognition process ofChinese characters and whether phonetic activation of Chinese charactersocctirs during lexical access (prelexically) or after lexical access (postle-xically). The results showed that the multi-pronunciation character of the pri-ming word helped not only the judgement of the target item consistentwith the appropriate pronunciation of multi-pronunciation character, butalso the judgement of the target item consistent with the inappropriatepronunciation of multi-pronunciation character and the judgement of tar-get items of similar grapheme. We take the result to suggest that the fea-ture analysis is a necessary stage in visual recognition processes of Chi-nese characters and the phonetic properties of familiar Chinese words havebeen activated automatically before they reach mental lexicon.

Key words: NULL