ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (02): 56-63.

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关于短时记忆编码方式的实验研究

莫雷   

  1. 华南师范大学
  • 出版日期:1986-06-25 发布日期:1986-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 莫雷

AN EXPERIMENT ABOUT THE ENCODING MODE OF SHORT-TERM MEMORY

Mo Lei South China Normal University   

  • Online:1986-06-25 Published:1986-06-25

摘要: 本文以汉字为材料,用信号检测法对短时记忆的编码方式进行研究,实验结果表明,汉字从总体上是以形状编码为主,这与 Conrard用英文字母为材料所作实验中得到的短时记忆以声音编码为主的结论不同;同时,各类型汉字的短时记忆编码方式也有差别。上述实验结果支持了关于短时记忆随情境而变换编码策略的设想。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: In this experiment, research was made on the encoding mode of short-termmemory in the way of signal detectability, using Chinese characters asmaterial. The result shows that generally speaking, Chinese charactersare encoded mainly according to their forms. This conclusion differsfrom that of Conrad's, whose experiment used English letters asmaterial. Moreover, the encoding mode changes in some degree withdifferent Chinese characters committed to short-term memory. Theaforesaid result supports the hypothesis that the encoding mode ofshort-term memory varies with situations.

Key words: NULL