ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (01): 90-99.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

5—13岁儿童空间认知发展的研究——判别相等面积的再探

李文馥;刘范   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-03-25 发布日期:1983-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 李文馥

RESEARCH ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITION OF SPACE IN 5—13 YEAR OLD CHILDREN

Li Wen-fu,Liu Fan (Institute of Psychology,Academia Sinica)   

  • Online:1983-03-25 Published:1983-03-25

摘要: 本实验是《5—11岁儿童两种空间关系认知发展的实验研究》的继续,但将内部被占面积改为圆形。结果表明:儿童判别面积从直觉判断发展到推理判断之间经历一种过渡形态。表现为,在同一判别中直觉和推理活动交错;能将被占面积各部分整合成整体,但对剩余面积部分的判别受直觉因素束缚;理解等量减等量所余相等原理,但不能用来解决面临的课题等四种形式。完成这种过渡需要解决三个相互联系的问题。也再次证明儿童判别面积这种空间认知发展,在一定年龄范围存在着阶段性特点,同时儿童这种认知能力的显露程度又以课题条件难易为转移。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: This is the continuation of the experimental research on the developmentof cognition of two kinds of space relation,The inner occupied area waschanged into circular form.The results indicate:In the discrimination ofchildren there is a transitional form from intuitional judgement to inferencejudgement.In the same discrimination the intuitional and inference activitiesare interlocked,thus the parts of occupied area conforms into a whole,butdiscrimination of the leftover areas is bound by intuition.Children canunderstand that equal amount subtract equal amount the remainder is equal,but children are not able to use this to solve the four types of problems.Soto pass these transitions,the children must be able to solve three connectedproblems,this again proves through discrimination of areas there exists thisKind of development,of cognition of space in children.

Key words: NULL