ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1958, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (00): 38-47.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

德意志民主共和国的人格心理学研究

吴江霖   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:1958-01-01 发布日期:1958-01-01
  • 通讯作者: 吴江霖

RESEARCH WORK ON PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY IN THE GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

WOO CHIANG-LIN (Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:1958-01-01 Published:1958-01-01

摘要: <正> 人格心理学在心理科学的领域中是一个很重要的分门。它不仅可以为普通心理学的建設提供极珍貴的資料,并且对于教育(如学生个性的培养)、劳动(如青年工人的选择和訓練)、医疗保健(如心理疾病的預防)等方面的工作可以有巨大的貢献。 在資本主义国家里,人格心理学的研究为数极多。美国的一个人格心理学家奥尔波特(G.W.Allport)1937年在其所著的“人格的心理学解释”(Personality:A Psychological

Abstract: The present status of reaearch work into the psychology of personality in the German Democratic Republic is summed up under the following heads:1. The theory of personality and the method of studying it—The author briefly outlines the new theory of personality and new approaches in the field of personality research as propounded by K. Gottschaldt.2. The study of twin personality—The large-scale research work done by K. Gottschaldt on twin personality is described. Important conclusions derived from this study are stated.3. The study of personality through the psychology of thinking—The writer, presents a general outline of the 4 main groups of studies conducted by German psychologists, namely, (1) problem-solving ability, (2) tower-building ability, (3) mechanical thinking ability, (4) abstract thinking ability.4. The study of personality through social psychology—A sketch is given of a modified form of experimentation carried out by German psychologists regarding the level of aspiration, under conditions of both individual work and group cooperation.5. The application of the method of psychodiagnosis to the practice of socialist construction—The method of psychodiagnosis is widely applied in selecting young workers for verious factories, in characterizing the extent of abnormality of mental patients, in determiming the legal responsibity of juvenile delinquents.