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心理学报
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中庸价值取向对员工变革行为的情景依存作用
杜旌;冉曼曼;曹平
(1武汉大学经济与管理学院、武汉大学人力资源管理研究中心, 武汉 430072) (2广州农村商业银行, 广州 510000) (3宝能控股(中国)有限公司, 深圳 518000)
Context-contingent Effect of Zhongyong on Employee Innovation Behavior
DU Jing;RAN Manman;CAO Ping
(1 Economics and Management School, Research center of Human Resource Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China) (2 Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank, Guangzhou, 510000, China) (3 Baoneng Holdings (China) Ltd., Shenzhen, 518000, China)
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摘要 

中庸是一种价值取向, 它倡导在全局认知基础上采用执中和适度的方式, 达到个体与环境的和谐。以49个企业团队的413名员工为研究对象, 采用多层次线性模型考察中庸价值取向在不同情境下对员工变革行为的影响。结果显示当员工具有高变革认知时, 中庸价值取向对员工变革行为有显著促进作用; 当团队中存在高同事消极约束时, 中庸价值取向对员工变革行为有显著消极作用; 模范带头作用没有显著情景作用。研究揭示了中庸价值取向影响员工变革行为是依据情景而变化, 从而达到个体与环境的和谐。

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杜旌
冉曼曼
曹平
关键词 中庸价值取向员工变革行为变革认知模范带头作用同事消极约束    
Abstract

Zhongyong (the doctrine of mean), a core value of Confucianism, prescribes the extent to which a person put priority on traditional propriety and interpersonal harmoniousness by following the doctrine of mean based on a holistic perspective. Despite its prevalence and dominant role in explaining behavior of Chinese, Zhongyong has been neglected in organization innovation. This study examines the context-contingent effect of Zhongyong on employee innovation behavior. Specifically, we explore the effect of Zhongyong on employee innovation behavior that take different forms depending on innovation cognition as an individual-level moderator, and team model employee and team colleague negative pressure as two cross-level moderators. Our theoretical propositions are empirically validated by multisource data collected from 413 employees of 49 work teams in China. With the supports of team supervisors, employees completed the questionnaire regarding Zhongyong, innovation cognition, team model employee, and team colleague negative pressure. Supervisors reported subordinate innovation behavior. All questionnaires were returned back to authors directly. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is employed to analyze data. The results show that Zhongyong is insignificantly related to employee innovation behavior. However, employee innovation cognition and team colleague negative pressure exhibited significantly moderation effect on the relationship between Zhongyong and innovation behavior: Zhongyong is positively related to innovation behavior when innovation cognition is high, and negatively related to innovation behavior when colleagues negative pressure is high. Team model employee fails to exhibit moderation effect. Most scholars think that Zhongyong is an impediment for organization innovation because Zhongyong tends to maintain tradition and harmoniousness rather than change. However, the present study clearly indicates that Zhongyong actually has context-contingent effect on employee innovation behavior: Zhongyong promotes employee involvement in organization innovation when employees realize the importance of organization innovation, whereas Zhongyong hampers employee innovation behavior when other team members exhibit negative responses to organization innovation. Through dialectical thinking and holistic perspective within the given situation, employees tend to choose the proper behavior to match the situation, finally leading to mean and harmoniousness. This implicates that managers should pay more attention to the communication of the innovation as well as building team positive climate.

Key wordsZhongyong    innovation behavior    innovation cognition    team model employee    team colleague negative pressure
收稿日期: 2012-08-22      出版日期: 2014-01-25
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金面上项目(71172202)和教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(09YJC630173)资助。

通讯作者: 杜旌   
引用本文:   
杜旌;冉曼曼;曹平. 中庸价值取向对员工变革行为的情景依存作用[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00113.
DU Jing;RAN Manman;CAO Ping. Context-contingent Effect of Zhongyong on Employee Innovation Behavior. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(1): 113-124.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00113      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2014/V46/I1/113
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