Trait Activation Theory aims to elaborate how relevant situations could activate individuals’ internal traits, and how the activation processes trigger the implicit traits expressed as explicit behaviors. The current study articulates the emergence, the baseline and extended theoretical models of Trait Activation Theory, and specifically explains the situational taxonomies, various trait activation processes, and the activated outcomes. The essence of trait activation and its boundary were also shown through the comparison with “P-E” Fit Theory and Situational Strength Theory. Future studies could explore the current theoretical model in depth and breadth, particularly enrich the “to be activated” alternatives and the situational taxonomies.
刘玉新,陈晨,朱楠,张建卫,王帅. (2020). 何以近朱者赤、近墨者黑?特质激活理论的缘起、现状和未来. 心理科学进展, 28(1), 161-177.
LIU Yuxin,CHEN Chen,ZHU Nan,ZHANG Jianwei,WANG Shuai. (2020). How does “one takes on the attributes of one's associates”? The past, present, and future of Trait Activation Theory. Advances in Psychological Science, 28(1), 161-177.
“特质激活理论”拓展模型图 注：KSA是对个体的知识(Knowledge), 技能(Skill)和能力(Ability)的统称。资料来源：Tett, R. P., Simonet, D. V., Walser, B., & Brown, C. (2013). Trait activation theory: Applications, developments, and implications for person-workplace fit. In N. D. Christiansen & R. P. Tett (Eds.), Handbook of personality at work (pp. 71-100). New York, NY: Routledge.
素质激活模型 资料来源：基于Tett, R. P., & Burnett, D. D. (2003). A personality trait-based interactionist model of job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(3), 500-517, 作者将其与素质冰山模型(McClelland, 1973)进行了有机整合。
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