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心理科学进展  2020, Vol. 28 Issue (1): 141-149    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00141
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饥饿对认知与社会行为的影响及其机制
谢家全1,2,谢昌颐3,杨文登1,2()
1 广州大学心理与脑科学研究中心
2 广东省未成年人心理健康与教育认知神经科学实验室, 广州 510006
3 澳大利亚蒙纳士大学教育学院, 墨尔本 3800
The effect of hunger on cognition and social behavior and its mechanism
XIE Jiaquan1,2,XIE Changyi3,YANG Wendeng1,2()
1 Center for Psychology and Brain Science, Guangzhou University
2 The Key Laboratory for Juveniles Mental Health and Educational Neuroscience in Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510006, China
3 Faculty of Education, Monash University, Melbourne 3800, Australia
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摘要 

从心理学视角综述了饥饿对个体认知与社会行为的广泛影响。饥饿会损害一般认知功能, 潜在导致决策与认知偏差, 并引发道德判断标准降低、社会态度改变以及攻击行为增加等现象。在以往研究的基础上, 总结出饥饿影响认知与社会行为内在机制的三种假说:自我损耗说、认知激活说以及协调机制说。最后, 指出当前研究存在着饥饿主观感受差异、测量方法不够准确等问题, 未来研究需要提高饥饿的测量效度, 从生理、心理、社会等多个层面对饥饿影响的机制进行深入探讨。

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关键词 饥饿认知功能道德认知社会态度攻击行为    
Abstract

The effect of hunger on individual cognition and social behavior was reviewed based on the psychological perspective. Hunger has been related to impaired general cognitive function, biased cognition and decision-making. Other literature has evidenced that hunger can alter social attitude, reduce moral judgment standard and induce aggressive behavior. Three hypotheses discussed in previous literature were summarized: ego-depletion hypojournal, cognitive activation hypojournal and coordination mechanism hypojournal, all of which attempt to explain the psychological mechanism driving the effects of hunger. Upon evaluating the literature, it can be pointed out that existing researches have problems such as different subjective feelings of hunger, inaccurate measurement methods. Thus, a suggestion for future research is to focus on how to improve the validity of hunger measurement and explore the internal mechanism of hunger effect on the multiple physiological, psychological and social layers.

Key wordshunger    cognitive function    moral cognition    social attitude    aggressive behavior
收稿日期: 2019-03-18      出版日期: 2019-11-21
ZTFLH:  B849  
基金资助:广东省哲学社会科学规划学科共建项目(GD18XXL02);广东高校特色创新项目(2016WTSCX097)
通讯作者: 杨文登     E-mail: yangwendeng@163.com
引用本文:   
谢家全,谢昌颐,杨文登. (2020). 饥饿对认知与社会行为的影响及其机制. 心理科学进展, 28(1), 141-149.
XIE Jiaquan,XIE Changyi,YANG Wendeng. (2020). The effect of hunger on cognition and social behavior and its mechanism. Advances in Psychological Science, 28(1), 141-149.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00141      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2020/V28/I1/141
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