ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2003, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (03): 339-344.

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  1. 华东师范大学心理系,上海200062
  • 收稿日期:2002-11-29 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2003-05-15 发布日期:2003-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 蔡华俭

A Review On Implicit Association Test

Cai Huajian   

  1. Department of Psychology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
  • Received:2002-11-29 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2003-05-15 Published:2003-05-15
  • Contact: Cai Huajian

摘要: 内隐联想测验(Implicit Association Test,简称IAT)是Greenwald等于1998年提出的一种新的内隐社会认知的研究方法,其采用的是一种计算机化的辨别分类任务,以反应时为指标,通过对概念词和属性词之间的自动化联系的评估进而来对个体的内隐态度等进行间接测量。该文先对内隐联想测验的由来、原理进行了介绍,再从性能及应用两方面对已有的相关研究进行了归纳、整理和论述。最后,通过分析指出该方法符合现代心理测量学的最新发展方向,将有着强大的生命力。

关键词: 内隐联想测验(IAT), 内隐态度, 概念词, 属性词

Abstract: Implicit Association Test, developed by A.G. Greenwald in 1998, is a new method to measure implicit attitude. It is based on a kind of computerized discriminating and classifying task. The indicator of IAT is the difference of reaction time between incompatible discrimination and compatible discrimination. IAT measures implicit attitude indirectly by measuring the automatic association between concept words and attributive words. In the paper, the principle of IAT is introduced firstly, then the relative research results of both IAT’s psychometric nature and its application are summarized. At the end of the paper, a review is proposed in the perspective of modern psychological measurement. It is suggested that IAT reflects the latest trend of modern psychological measurement: the combination of experimental method and psychometric method, the combination between trait measurement and process measurement.

Key words: Implicit Association Test(IAT), implicit attitude, concept words, attributive words