ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 1215-1223.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01215

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于选择反应的学习迁移效应:从个人情境到社会情境

徐胜1, 田蜜2(), 罗天瑞2, 赛李阳1   

  1. 1 杭州师范大学心理科学研究院, 杭州 311121
    2 香港中文大学心理学系, 香港
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-18 出版日期:2019-07-15 发布日期:2019-05-22
  • 通讯作者: 田蜜 E-mail:tianmi@link.cuhk.edu.hk
  • 基金资助:
    * 香港研究资助局RGC资助项目(CUHK14611718);国家自然科学基金青年项目(31600875);杭州市哲学社会科学规划课题(2018RCZX17)

Transfer-of-learning effect based on response selection: From individual to social situations

XU Sheng1, TIAN Mi2(), LUO Tianrui2, SAI Liyang1   

  1. 1 Institutes of Psychological Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 311121, China
    2 Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • Received:2018-09-18 Online:2019-07-15 Published:2019-05-22
  • Contact: Mi TIAN E-mail:tianmi@link.cuhk.edu.hk

摘要:

先前习得的空间不相容联结可以减少、消除甚至反转Simon效应, 这种现象被称为学习迁移效应。研究者已经在个人情境和社会情境中发现一些影响学习迁移效应的因素, 并提出短时记忆联结解释、自下而上的启动机制和反应对立策略等相关解释。未来研究需要澄清刺激-反应迁移的双向性以及学习迁移效应的认知神经机制和发展路径。

关键词: 学习迁移效应, 社会学习迁移效应, Simon效应, 个人情境, 社会情境

Abstract:

Acquired spatial incompatible stimulus-response associations in a prior practice task can reduce, eliminate, or even reverse the Simon effect in a subsequent transfer task. This is called the transfer-of- learning (ToL) effect. Researchers have found some factors that influence the ToL effect in both individual and social situations. Some relevant theoretical explanations, e.g., the short-term memory associations account, the bottom-up priming mechanism and the response-opposite strategy, can explain the ToL effect. Future research should seek to clarify whether or not the stimulus-response transfer is bidirectional, and explore the cognitive neural mechanisms involved, as well as the developmental aspects of the ToL effect.

Key words: transfer-of-learning effect, social-transfer-of-learning effect, Simon effect, individual situations, social situations

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