ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

›› 2005, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (02): 241-245.

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THE BUFFERING EFFECT OF SELF-ESTEEM ON THE DEPRESSIVE AND ANXIOUS REACTIONS TO INDUCED FAILURE

Zhang Xiangkui,Tian Lumei   

  1. Department of Psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2004-05-14 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2005-03-30 Published:2005-03-30
  • Contact: Zhang Xiangkui

Abstract: This study combined questionnaires with an experiment to investigate the buffering effect of self-esteem on the depressive and anxious reactions to induced failure using 117 undergraduates in Grade Two as subjects. The results showed: (1) Whenever the negative emotional reactions were measured, the depressive or anxious reaction of the group with high self-esteem was obviously less than that of the group with low self-esteem; (2) The failure-procedure successfully induced the negative emotional reactions to failure; (3) After failure, self-esteem didn’t buffer the negative reactions to it immediately; (4) After strategy-operation, self-esteem buffered the negative emotional reactions significantly and this buffering effect was different under different condition; but there was no overall significant interaction between self-esteem and strategy-operation in this effect.

Key words: self-esteem, strategy-operation, depressive reaction, anxious reaction, the buffering effect

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