ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

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  1. 北京师范大学心理学部
  • 收稿日期:2022-06-27 修回日期:2022-10-31 出版日期:2022-11-15 发布日期:2022-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 胡月琴
  • 基金资助:

Personality Dynamics: The Integration of Process and Trait

WU Fan, HU Yueqin   

  • Received:2022-06-27 Revised:2022-10-31 Online:2022-11-15 Published:2022-11-15
  • Contact: Yueqin Hu

摘要: 人格动态性强调个体内人格过程,是一种特质与过程整合的理论视角。研究通常基于全特质理论、认知情感系统理论等人格过程与整合理论,采用密集追踪数据与动态建模方法,对个体内认知、情绪、动机、生理等交互过程、人与情境交互过程、或过程与特质的关系进行探究。文章就人格动态性历史渊源、当代理论框架、前沿研究方法、本土研究现状进行梳理,并对现有研究中的测量问题和建模方法提出建议。

关键词: 人格动态性, 人格过程, 密集追踪法, 动态模型

Abstract: Personality psychology has emphasized the dynamic process of individual personality in situations since its inception. However, conventional personality research has largely focused on stable inter-individual differences and structural trait models. In recent years, with the rise of intensive longitudinal research methods and personality dynamics theories, researcher has shown a reinvigorated interest in the dynamic processes of personality systems within individuals, i.e., personality dynamics. Based on theories that focus on personality processes (e.g., whole trait theory, cognitive affective personality system, etc.), intensive longitudinal data and statistical methods that can model dynamic processes (e.g., dynamic structural equation modeling, network analysis, complex systems modeling, etc.), research on personality dynamics investigates personality processes with different emphases (e.g., the intraindividual interplay of cognitive, affective, motivational processes; person-situation interactions; dynamic features of personality). This article reviews early thinking, contemporary theoretical frameworks and methodological approaches in personality dynamics, and puts forward specific recommendations for future research.

Key words: personality dynamics, personality process, intensive longitudinal data, dynamic models