ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (5): 692-706.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00692

• 元分析 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1湖北警官学院公共基础课教学部, 武汉 430035) (2华中师范大学心理学院,武汉 430079) (3福州大学人文社会科学学院应用心理学系, 福州 350108) (4 Department of Psychology;  Institute for Intelligent Systems, University of Memphis, TN 18111, USA)
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-04 出版日期:2016-05-15 发布日期:2016-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 江光荣, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Meta-analysis on the mental health of the Chinese policemen of public security organization

LI Yanqing1,2; REN Zhihong3,4; JIANG Guangrong2   

  1. (1 Department of Public Basic Course, Hubei University of Police, Wuhan 430034, China) (2 School of Psychology at Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China) (3 School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China) (4 Department of Psychology; Institute for Intelligent Systems, University of Memphis, TN 18111, USA)
  • Received:2016-01-04 Online:2016-05-15 Published:2016-05-15
  • Contact: JIANG Guangrong, E-mail:


运用元分析考察中国公安机关警察基于SCL-90的心理健康状况及影响因素。元分析共纳入文献67篇, 研究发现:(1)警察心理健康状况较正常人差, 两者在绝大多数因子上差异显著, 只有在与常模一比较时在人际敏感因子上效应量没有达到显著(d = 0.05, p = 0.142 > 0.05)。(2)警察心理健康状况与军人相当, 两者在5个因子存在显著差异(d = −0.16~0.21, p = 0.000~0.041 < 0.05), 但是绝大多数效应量都在小范围以内。(3)除性别外, 年龄、婚姻状况、文化程度、警种、地区、样本容量等因素对研究结果有影响。以后的调查研究应该注意这些变量的影响。

关键词: SCL-90, 心理健康, 元分析


This meta-analysis was designed to explore the status of mental health about Chinese policemen of public security organization and assess the effects of six demographic variables and three characteristics of studies on the policemen’ mental health. Sixty-seven primary studies from 1996-2015 that met the requirements of meta-analysis were selected, including total subjects of 50371. By comparing the scores of nine SCL-90 factors from these studies with the two national norms, only the effect size of the interpersonal sensitivity factor was not significant (SMD = 0.049 points, 95% CI = −0.017 to 0.115, p = 0.142) while other factors’ SMDs reached significant level. According to comparing with the soldier norm, there were five factors with significant but small SMDs (SMD = −0.156~0.210, p = 0.000~0.041). The results showed that the mental health of the policemen were worse than the normal and similar to the soldier. Except gender, demographic variables and research characteristic variables such as age, marital status, educational level, division of police service, region and the sample size have significant influence on the policemen’s mental health. Several unresolved issues and future research directions are also discussed.

Key words: SCL-90, mental health, meta-analysis