Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (8): 1427-1438.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01427
• Regular Articles •
CHAI Kaixuan1,2, LI Yilin1,2, ZHU Liqi1()
In the recent years, children’s selective learning has attracted wide-spread attention in the field of cognitive development. Specifically, understanding children’s selective learning in the domain of causal knowledge provides important insights for addressing a classic question in developmental research, namely how children acquire knowledge. Children generally acquire causal knowledge by identifying, evaluating and endorsing information from others. They actively seek explanations from reliable informants, and they select their responses based on the quality of the answers they have received. Since an early age, children can use verbal cues to distinguish explanatory responses from non-explanatory responses. Moreover, when given several explanations, they can tell which one is superior to others based on the structural characteristics of these explanations. Older children can even identify various modes of construal and adopt the appropriate one. Future studies could further investigate the roles of other exploratory characteristics in children’s selective causal learning. Researchers should also further address some controversial issues regarding the cognitive mechanisms of selective casual learning.
modes of construal
CHAI Kaixuan, LI Yilin, ZHU Liqi. Children’s selective learning in the domain of causal knowledge[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1427-1438.
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