ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 97-103.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00097

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A Metacognition Approach to Characteristics of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Model and Intervention

CHAI Xiaoyun;TIAN Yongguo;GONG Shaoying;LIU Ying   

  1. (1 Center for Mental Health Education, Hubei University of Automotive Technology, Shiyan 442002, China) (2 Psychological Counseling Center, Henan University of Urban Construction, Pingdingshan 467036, China) (3 Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education; (4 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University and Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2013-06-01 Online:2014-01-15 Published:2014-01-15
  • Contact: GONG Shaoying


The metacognitive model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) emphasizes that metacognitive beliefs are a key factor in OCD pathology. OCD patients have a series of metacognitive problems, such as incorrect metacognitive knowledge beliefs, negative metacognitive experiences and inappropriate use of metacognitive strategies. Metacognitive therapy for OCD has a good treatment efficacy in the individual intervention and group intervention study, with a focus on the importance of thinking processes (such as self-focused attention, perseverative thinking styles of worry, attention strategies of threat monitoring and so on) rather than the content of thoughts. Future research should examine the memory and other metacognitive characteristics for OCD from the perspectives of cognitive neuroscience and replicate and extend metacognitive model of OCD.

Key words: obsessive-compulsive disorder, metacognition, metacognitive therapy, treatment