Table of Content
, Volume 20 Issue 02
SOME THOUGHTS ON INTROSPECTI0N
Chen Shu-yong Beijing University
This paper argues that introspection is of various kinds. We shouldnot stand for or be against it indiscriminately. The introspection that wasconsistently subjected to criticism is the classical kind which has beendisused in laboratory practice since E. B. Titchener passed away in 1927.The introspection still generally used in psychological experiments, e. g.the subjects' evaluation or judgment of stimuli, has never been disappro-ved by anyone including the radical behaviorists. In fact, it has becomea laboratory routine. The subject could only report the results of hismental processes, not his mental processes per se. If there are no majordifferences in principle in the identification of introspection, we mighttreat the minor issues by adopting the principle of seeking commonground while reserving trivial differences. It is high time to put off thelong-standing debates over introspection until more new facts aboutthis topic become available.
THE ORGANIZATIONAL FUNCTIONS OF EMOTION——A LABORATORY REPORT ON EMOTION'S IMPACT ON COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
Meng Zhao-lan Beijing University
On the basis of a set of laboratory experiments, this report deals withthe organizational functions of emotion with the conclusion that emoti-ons of variant hedonic tones produce organizational or disorganizing eff-ects of different characters on cognitive performance. The discussion cen-ters round (1) the general emotional arousal and concrete differentiation; (2)the effects of variant hedonic emotions on cognitive performance; (3) thefunctions of anger; (4) the functions of interest as an emotion; (5) thefunctions of emotions as interior experiences.
A CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARATIVE STUDY ON TEST ANXIETY BETWEEN CHINESE AND JAPANESE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITIES
Ling Wen-quan Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica
TAI was used on the cross-culture comparative research between theChinese and Japanese students in universities. The results indicated thattest anxiety in Japanese students is higher than Chinese students.The major expressions for Chinese students are "anxiety in testing" and"mind the results of examinations", and for Japanese students are "over-all anxiety for tests". The differences between the two may be related tothe social factors of the two countries.