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  • Table of Content
       , Volume 20 Issue 04 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    DESIGN F0R A SERIES 0F PSYCH0L0GICAL REHABILITATI0N TESTS
    Yang Zhi-liang,Hu Tian-pei,Gu Qing-ming,Yu Hung-fa East China Normal University Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai Nanyang Changning Rehabilitation Medical Centre
    . 1988, 20 (04): 3-9.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 95 )
    According to three years of rehabilitation treatment and fitting ar-tificial limb for amputees, we selected sensation, perception, memory andpersonality tests as follows: (1) sixteen P. F. factor test; (2) two pointthreshold test; (3) memory test; (4) artificial hand carrying differentialthreshold test. The experiments show that the series of psychological re-habilitation tests are of great value and can be used easily.
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    LATERALITY EFFECTS OF MATCHING CHINESE WORDS AND EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS
    Zhang Wu-tian,Zhang Jian-zhou,Zhao Jing Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine
    . 1988, 20 (04): 10-16.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 103 )
    The laterality of hemispheric function was tested by using Chinesecharacters which were two sets of word pairs that had same phoneme orlooked alike. The reaction time of the right field-left hemisphere wassuperior for the word pairs of the same phoneme but the left field-righthemisphere was superior for the looking alike. word pairs The ERPamplitude, especially P300, was significant smaller for left hemispherecomparring to right hemisphere under same phoneme condition. TheERP had no clear difference between left and right hemisphere for thewords pairs that looked alike. The latency of ERP also had no differen-ce between the left and right hemispheres under the two kinds of materialconditions. The results indicate that the left hemisphere relates to phone-mic coding of Chinese words and ERP (P300) seems to be its effectiveindex.
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    RESEARCH ON THE LEXICAL REFRESENTATION IN CHINESE-ENCLISH BILINGUAL READERS (1)
    Wang Cui-xiang,Peng Dan-ling Electronic Industral Management College, Beijing Beijing Normal University
    . 1988, 20 (04): 17-24.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 110 )
    Chinese-English bilinguals were tested in a lexical decision experiment.It was found that practice on words from one language hastened later recog-nition of these words, but did not affect the recognition of translation ofthese words. Repetition effect was restricted to intralingual conditions forChinese and English.
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    THE LIMITATION OF TOLERANT DELAY TIME FOR BINOCULAR DISPARITY FUSION
    Jin Gui-chang,Zheng Zhu-ying,Zhou Gui-rong Institute of Biophysics, Academia Sinica
    . 1988, 20 (04): 25-29.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 78 )
    A dynamic random-dot stereogram (RDS) pair is produced by amicrocomputerized pseudo RDS generator and displayed on corres ponding left and right oscilloscopes, observed by two eyes respectively. The timeof display of the right RDS pattern delays that of the display of theleft one. 14 subjects with normal stereoscopic vision viewed bystereoscopy, and tolerant delay time in which binocular fusion canproduce clear perception of form in depth was determined. Three experiments were designed to determine the effect of changingspatial parameters of RDS patterns on the limitation of the delay time.The first was the change of size of RDS patterns the second was thechange of disparity type and disparity value and the third was the cha-nge of display position on the oscilloscope. The result indicates that binocular stereoscopic perception can tole-rate a delay of about 50 milliseconds. Changing spatial parameters ofRDS patterns affects tolerant delay time to a certain extent. It suggests that binocular stereoscopic information processing dependson transient visual information storage. In the process of stereopsis, bi-nocular visual information does not deal with short-term and long-termmemory.
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    CHINA-WECHSLER YOUNGER CHILDREN SCALE OF INTELLIGENCE (C-WYCSI)
    Gong Yao-xian,Dai Xiao-yang The Department of Psychology, Hunan Medical University Hunan, China The Cooperative Group of C-WYCSI
    . 1988, 20 (04): 30-42.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 316 )
    The Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI)was revised according to the cultural background of Chinese children.This new version is called the China-Wechsler Younger Children Scale ofIntelligence (C-WYCSI). Three subtests and the two-thirds items ofWPPSI were replaced. C-WYCSI consists of two sets of norms, one is madeup of urban children (N=2200) and another is made up of rural children(N=1120). The following psychometrical characteristics of the scale are considered: most floors of the subtests of this new scale were improvedbut some of the ceilings worsened. The average of reliability coefficientof the subtests are 0.79 (urban) and 0.83 (rural), the stability coeffic-ient of IQ are from 0.82 to 0.89 and the coefficient of correlation ofIQ on the C-WYCSI with IQ on the WPPSIa are from 0.786 to 0.878.
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    JAS APPLIED TO THE EXPLORATION OF PROBLEMS IN ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT
    Ling Wen-quan,Fang Li-luo Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    . 1988, 20 (04): 43-48.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 76 )
    This study attempts to apply the JAS to organizational managementand explore the Type A behavior differences between engineering techni-cians and workers. The results show very significant differences in theJ scale and in the occupational background of Type A behavior. Theresults coincide with the findings of other studies of scientists and tec-hnicians.
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    APPLICATION OF THE FUZZY MATHEMATICAL M0DEL TO INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS RESEARCH IN SMALL GROUPS
    Liu Jing Beijing Normal University
    . 1988, 20 (04): 49-57.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 118 )
    The present paper puts forward the idea of exploring the structureof interpersonal relations in small groups through the fuzzy multifacto-rial evaluation and fuzzy clustering analysis with reference system ofsmall groups. This research is on the basis of analysing some limitationsof the classical sociometry. Three small groups for experimental researchwere selected, some clustering results on the basis of fuzzy multifactorialevaluation were obtained. We found that the classification of interpersonalrelations relates to Y which represents the dynamic characteristics ofinterpersonal relations in small groups. From this research, we considerit of practical significance to introduce the fuzzy mathematical modelinto studies on interpersonal relations in small groups.
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    A METHOD OF PSYCHOLOGICAL APPRAISAL OF THE QUALITY OF CLASS TEACHING
    Li Wei The Central Institute of Educational Research, Bei jing
    . 1988, 20 (04): 58-65.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 171 )
    This research views class teaching as a dynamic system. A questio-nnaire scale was determined based upon widely collected material andexpert appraisal as well as a double process of factor analysis. Data forthis scale was acquired from 1, 937 junior middle school studentstaught by 62 teachers in mathematic classe. The result of the multi-fa-ctor statistical analysis showed the reliability of the five second-ordersubsystems and twenty-five psychological factors in class teaching pro-posed by the research made a breakthrough in the limitations of previousresearch work, explored the feasibility of quantification and predictionand strengthened objectivity in the appraisal of the quality of classteaching.
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    A STUDY OF THE LEADING BEHAVI0R OF COACHES OF SOME FIRST CLASS WOMEN BASKETBALL TEAMS IN CHINA
    Chen Wei-yun Beijing Teachers College of Physical Education
    . 1988, 20 (04): 66-73.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 120 )
    A questionaire evaluating the leading behavior of chief coaches bytheir players was formulated in this paper, according to the generalprinciple and standard as well as method of drawing up questionaire isin accord with the actual situation of first class women basketball tea-ms of our country, and its reliability and validity is trustworthy. It is determined that the leading behavior of chief coaches are formedmainly according to seven dimensions after analysing the results obtainedby means of R-factor, and the leading behavior of chief coaches can beevaluated on the basis of the scores given by the players.
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    AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY 0N THE RELATI0NSHIP BETWEEN DEVEL0PMENT OF APPETITIVE DISCRIMINATION LEARNING OF Y MAZE AND BRAIN GROWTH AS WELL AS ROTATIONAL BEHAVI0R IN PREWEANING RATS
    Li De-ming Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica
    . 1988, 20 (04): 74-81.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 64 )
    The brain growth spurt was expressed as velocity curve of the incre-ase of brain weight in 0-20 day-old Wistar pups, the curve peak wasaround the 10 day-old stage. The experiment on development of appetitivediscrimination learning of Y maze in 12-20 day-old pups was carried outand a large enhancement of learning le level in the 16 day-old pups (afterdays of "brain growth spurt") was observed. The result indicates thatthe appetitive discrimination learning of Y maze is closely related tothe brain growth in preweanling rats. The experiment showed that the level of learning behavior of Ymaze for the pups of rotational type which could be induced by Amphe-tamine was better than that for the pups of non-rotational type whichcould not be induced by Amphetamine. Moreover, the best level of learningbehavior was for the pups of the right rotational type in keeping withthe direction of food reward (right arm) and the appearance was gettinggradually more obvious with the days. It suggests that the learning ofleft-right discrimination has close relation to the function asymmetryof the two hemispheres in preweanling rats.
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    A SYNOPSIS OF THE PROBE OF LU JI'S THINKING IN LITERARY PSYCHOLOGY
    Yu Tie-cheng Quanazou educational Institute
    . 1988, 20 (04): 82-87.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 92 )
    Lu Ji's contribution is that he led ancient Chinese literary theorylaying stress on the essence of beauty and its social significance onto thestudy of individual psychological activities and subjective experiencesin the process of creation. His work describes the psychological activitiesand subjective experiences in creation with delicacy, and at the sametime brings to light some matters of regularity, thus his work isof psychological significance to some extent.
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    WANG QING-REN'S BRAIN-MECHANISM THEORY AND ITS POSITI0N IN THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT
    Yan Guo-cai Shanghai Normal University
    . 1988, 20 (04): 88-94.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 118 )
    Wang Qing-ren was a famous Chinese physician in the Qingdynasty. Based on analysis of the heart-centered theory, this articlemainly presents the outline of his role in the history of Chinese psych-ological thought, i. e., ending the history of the dominant position of he-art-centered theory and completing the construction of the brain-centeredtheory.
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    PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF SELF—CONSCI0USNESS IN THE SOVIET UNION SINCE 1960s
    Chen Hui-chang,Zhang Dong Institute of Educational Research of Shanxi Province, Taiyuan
    . 1988, 20 (04): 95-103.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 95 )
    The paper reviews the psychological research on self-consciousnessin the Soviet Union since the 1960s from four aspects: 1. The nature,role and developmental factors of self-consciousness; 2. The structure ofself-consciousness; 3. The genesis of self-consciousness; 4. The view of Sov-iet psychologists on Western research in self-consciousness. The authorsthink that there is a materialist tradition in the psychological researchon self-consciousness in the Soviet Union. From the 1970s onward reseachon this subject in the Soviet Union has reached a new level, but manyproblems remain unsolved. Recently, Soviet psychologists have begun topay great attention to the research on the subject in the West. However, the research of Soviet psychologists still falls behind thatof Western psychologists in scope, experimental technique and data ac-cum ulation.
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    THE LEARNING-DEPENDENT LONG-TERM POTENTIATION OF THE SYNAPTIC EFFICACY IN HIPPOCAMPAL DENTATE AREA
    Xiao Peng,Ou Ying-qi,Xu Shi-tong Neurophysiol. Res. Lab., South China Normal University
    . 1988, 20 (04): 105-113.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 86 )
    This paper, by using the method of combining electrophysiology wi-th behavior, deals with the hippocampal synaptic efficacy to the acquisit-ion, consolidation and extinction of conditioned responses and its relati-on with the signals of different types of senses as conditioned stimulus(CS). The long-term potentiation (LTP) of the synaptic efficacy in hippo-campal dentate area was not only significantly obvious in the acquisitionor conditioned discrimination response, but persisted because of the consoli-dated training after the acquisition of the conditioned response. Further-more, the duration of persistence was directly proportional to the trialsin the consolidated training. After this learning-dependent LTP disappea-red, the conditioned response disappeared as well. But in the conditionedgustatory detestation there was no LTP phenomenon. Therefore, these results, at the level of synaptic efficacy, further substantiate the viewpointof our research laboratory that hippocampus plays a different role in the-memory of conditioned responses with the signals of different typesof senses as CS, and that hippocampus participates not only in learning,but also in the retention of memory. These results suggest that this ?are-ning-dependent LTP is closely related to learning and memory.
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