Table of Content
, Volume 4 Issue 02
THE METHODOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGY
CHEN YUAH-HUI (Institute of Central Pedagogical Science)
This paper consists of 5 parts:1) Historical investigation into the methodology of psychology.2) Concerning experimental methods in psychology.3) Concerning statistical methods in psychology.4) Concerning methods of class analysis.5) Natural experimental methods in psychology.The paper shows that from the point of view of methodology, psychology is backward, and this is one of the reasons for its slow development. The paper shows from the history of the development of psychology that the experimental and statistical methods used by bourgeois psychology are carried out under the impact of metaphysical methodology, and hence incapable of disclosing true psychological phenomena; nevertheless, these two methods can yield effective results under the guidance of the methodology of dialectical materialism.The paper points out that the method of class analysis is used to analyse class relations in society, not individual psychological activities.The paper advocates extensive use of natural experimental methods in research in educational and child psychology.
A DETERMINATION OF THE NORMAL THRESHOLD OF HEARING OF YOUNG PEOPLE 16—25 YEARS OF AGE Ⅱ, THE NORMAL THRESHOLD OF HEARING
LUNG SHU-HSIU AND FAN CHIH (Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)
The sensitivity of the earphones used in the hearing tests carried out by the Institute of Psychology is determined by measuring the sound pressure produced by them both at the external. end of the meatus of the human ear and at the eardrum, for which purpose a probe microphone is employed. From the earphone sensitivity data and the audiometric data the normal threshold of hearing for 9 different frequencies (from 125 to 8000 inclusive) was obtained.The threshold curves were compared with curves obtained by different authors abroad.
THE THEORY OF CHILD MENTAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE LIGHT OF MARXISM
CHU CHIH-HSIEN (Pelting Pedagogical University)
The present paper dwells on the theory of child mental development from the Marxian point of view. Six problems are discussed: 1) two contradictory points of view in the problem of child mental development; 2) heredity as the biological premise of child mental developnment; 3) the determining significance of environment and education in child mental development; 4) intrinsic cause (intrinsic contradiction) as the motive power of child mental development; 5) interrelations between education and child mental development; 6) age stage of child mental development.
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