The results of two studies strongly suggest that AGL occurs with auditory stimuli and visual perceptual learning is not necessary. The effect of selective attention on AGL is applicable across modalities, it is not only suitable for visual stimulus, but also applies to the auditory stimulus.
The purpose of the second experiment was to compare the sensitivity of sequence generation task and segment recognition task on measuring conscious and unconscious knowledge acquisition. We applied the sensitivity analysis of technical economy and included the involvement as independent variables to examine the contributions of consciousness and unconsciousness to implicit sequence learning. The results indicated that the contributions of unconsciousness to high-involved task in segment recognition task were better than that to low-involved task, while the contributions of consciousness to low-involved task segment recognition task were better than that to high-involved task. The results of the present study suggested that the segment recognition task was a valid measurement to capture the knowledge presentation in implicit sequence learning and this task also demonstrated superior sensitivity to sequence generation task.
SEM results are different from previous studies: (1) reading engagement is the mediating variable between family environment and reading interest, reading engagement is the mediating variable between family reading interest and reading performance; (2) The relationship between family environment and reading ability is in nature through the interactive cycle between reading interest and reading engagement. Reading engagement plays a critical role in internal mechanism between family environment and reading ability.
In summary, reinforcement sensitivity was a significant predictor of non-suicidal self-injury. It can be hoped that therapeutic interventions for self-injurers based on their patterns of BIS/BAS sensitivity will be designed and proposed before long. More importantly, the different patterns of BIS/BAS sensitivity in self-injurers, which was found in Study 2, indicates different mechanisms behind non-suicidal self-injury. This may shed light on the inconsistent findings regarding non-suicidal self-injury so far. Participants are usually not classified into groups by different functions of their self-injurious behaviors, thus leading to a counteracting effect on potential associations. It is indicated that classification of non-suicidal self-injury is quite necessary and deserves future research attention.
The findings of present research suggests that the low class members’ goal commitment and attainment were more susceptible to societal fairness, which is consistent with the ideas of social class psychology who claims that low social class members are situation-oriented and more sensitive to context factors, but those with high social position could freely set their goals and not be limited by the environment. To some degree, our research has provided support for the idea of social class psychology.
The results are consistent with the Moral Foundation Theory, which postulates that violation of different moral foundation elicits different moral emotions. Moreover, our work is the first one to point out group differences in the expression of moral emotions on Weibo.
The present study contributes to research into moral disengagement in sports by developing a valid measurement instrument for moral disengagement in Chinese athletes, and by analyzing the relationship between sport moral disengagement and prosocial and antisocial behavior towards teammates and opponents in Chinese athletes.
(6) the number of items was inversely proportional to the classification accuracy.