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  • Table of Content
       , Volume 6 Issue 01 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    SOME PROBLEMS OF INTERNAL CONTRADICTIONS IN HUMAN PSYCHE
    CHU CHIH-HSIEN
    . 1962, 6 (01): 3-10.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 72 )
    This paper deals with some problems of internal contrgdictions of human psyche in the light of dialectical determinism, such as, 1) Is there internal contradiction or particular contradiction in psychological phenomena? 2) What is the internal contradiction or particular contradiction? 3) What is the relationship between the interrtal contradiction (internal cause) and the external contradiction (external cause) in psychological phenomena.
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    THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE IN THE FORMATION, UNDER COMPLEX STIMULI, OF CONDITIONED REFLEX AND DIFFERENTIATION IN CHILDREN
    CHI CHU-CHING
    . 1962, 6 (01): 11-19.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 104 )
    In this experimental study of conditioned reflex to simultaneous and successive complex stimuli, three age groups (9, 12, 15) of children were studied. The results show the age characteristics in the analytical synthetic activities of children's higher central nervous system:1) In the process of formation of conditioned reflexes to the complex stimuli, it was found that the younger the child, the easier it reacted in motor reactions toward the presented single element of a complex stimulus (especially to the last element of successive complex stimuli). In other Words, the synthetic activities of these children are not fully developed.2) The formation of differential inhibition has an active influence on the synthetic activities of the cerebral cortex, and in the two older groups the active influence is clearer than that in the 9 year old age group, in which the process of inhibition is not so concentrated.3) The older the children, the more correctly they can react to the complex stimuli, as regards both motor reactions and their relationship in the second signal system.The formation of differentiation in active influence on the synthetic process is also reflected in the second signal system.
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    THE AGE ASPECT IN THE DYNAMICS OF DELAYED INHIBITION IN CHILDREN
    KUANG PEI-TZU
    . 1962, 6 (01): 20-29.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 71 )
    This is a study of the dynamics of delayed inhibition in children of different ages (9,12 and 15-year-olds). The experimental results indicate: 1) The younger the child, the longer the pre-reactioned phase and the more difficult the development of delayed inhibition; 2) The younger the child, the stronger the after-effect inhibition and the longer the duration of after-effect inhibition; 3) The functional role of the second signal system in the formation of delayed conditioned reflex increases with the age.
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    A STUDY OF HIGHER NERVOUS ACTIVITY IN NORMAL AND ABNORMAL CHILDREN BY THE METHOD OF COMBINING DIFFERENT CONNECTIVE SYSTEMS(Report Ⅰ)
    TSAO PING
    . 1962, 6 (01): 30-43.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 77 )
    This is the first part of an analytical study of the characteristics of higher nervous activity in normal and abnormal children. The experimental results obtained from 9—12 year old normal Children indicate: 1) A normal child is able to perform simultaneously functions of the two connective systems; 2) The connective systems may be maintained at the same degree when they are established on the same level, but the more complex connective system is disturbed when they are established on different levels; 3) Verbal reaction to stimulus in normal children can compensate motor disorder.
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    SOME PROBLEMS OF INDUSTRIAL SKILL TRAINING
    LEE CHIA-CHIH
    . 1962, 6 (01): 44-52.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 67 )
    This paper is a review of some of the work of the Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica, pertaining to industrial skill training. It shows that motive in learning, the characteristics of the skill of perception, the role of image and thinking in the learning process, the coordination of the two signal systems in motor and rhythmic activities, and precision and punctuality in reinforcement are important problems that have to be solved for an effective training program.After critisizing some defects in previous work in these fields, the author points out that laboratory and theoretical studies need to be strengthened, and special attention needs to be paid to the new psychological problems arising from automation and related sciences.
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    AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MEMORY DISORDER IN NEURASTHENICS
    CHANG TSEN-HUI
    . 1962, 6 (01): 53-58.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 86 )
    This is a continuation of a study of memory characteristics in neurasthenics carried out originally in 1959. The experimental results indicate: 1) Memory impairment as to words and pictures are the same; 2) The differences in experimental results as between purposeful memorizing and incidental memorizing are not significant; 3) Rote memory is not as effective as meaningful memory; 4) The degree of functional disorder in the cerebral cortex and in memory disorder are correlative.
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    A PRELIMINARY STUDY CONCERNING THE FORMATION OF CONSCIOUS DISCIPLINE IN LOWER GRADE PUPILS
    HE TSUNG-TING, TU WANG-HSIANG, YU PI-YUN, CHIA CHIH-SHU
    . 1962, 6 (01): 59-67.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 152 )
    This paper is the result of a preliminary investigation into the process of formation of consciousdiscipline in lower grade pupils. Using the method of experimental study under natural conditions, lower grade pupils can, with correct guidance from the teacher, apprehend the meaning of discipline, and conform to conscious discipline. The process ot formation of conscious discipline has four different stages, the main one being the conflicf between the disciplinary demands of the school and the habitual behaviour of the pupil. Consequently, the educator, according to the characteristics at each stage, should organize the pupils to participate in practical activities to establish reachable aims, conduct emulation, and establish training in basic habits of disciplinary behaviour.
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