Please wait a minute...
   2012, Vol. 44 Issue (1) : 112-120     DOI:
|
Reduced Specificity of Autobiographical Memory in Traumatized Adolescents: Exploring the Contributions of Impaired Executive Control and Affect Regulation
CHEN Xue-Jun;HUANG Yue-Sheng;DANG Xiao-Jiao;ZHENG Xi-Fu
(Department of Psychology, South China Normal University, Gguangzhou 510631, China)
Download: PDF(436 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  Reduced specificity of autobiographical memories retrieved to word cues on the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) associated with increased posttraumatic stress in traumatized samples has been already confirmed, though the researches for the adolescents are still not very substantial. Theoretical debates concerning the dominant influences on this effect have focused on affect regulation, whereby specific personal information is avoided more by those experiencing greater distress, versus impaired executive control, whereby increased distress is associated with an inability to set aside inappropriately general responses on the AMT.
The present study compared these 2 views using AMT and AMT-R (the reversed version of the AMT) together. All the participants were recruited from a nonclinical and normal middle school. Participants (divided into three groups: high-PTSD, n = 31, low-PTSD, n = 32, and nontraumatic controls, n = 30)were required to generate specific memories response to emotion-related cue words in the AMT, whereas had to generate general memories from the past in the AMT-R. An emphasis on the role of affect regulation would predict that distress would be associated with reduced specificity (as in the standard AMT), whereas emphasis on the role of executive control would predict that this relationship should be reversed.
The results indicated that, in contrast with the earlier studies, high-PTSD and low-PTSD groups behaved less specificity than nontraumatic controls and high-PTSD group also had generated less specific memories than low-PTSD group, regardless of cue valence in the AMT. But there were no significant differences of specific memories among the three groups in the AMT-R.
The findings suggested that reduced autobiographical memory specificity has been demonstrated in traumatized adolescents in this study, and the results of AMT and AMT-R supported the affect regulation may play a greater role. Moreover, the clinical implications of the current research are discussed.
Keywords trauma      autobiographical memory      specificity      affect regulation      executive control     
Corresponding Authors: ZHENG Xi-Fu   
Issue Date: 28 January 2012
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
CHEN Xue-Jun
HUANG Yue-Sheng
DANG Xiao-Jiao
ZHENG Xi-Fu
Cite this article:   
CHEN Xue-Jun,HUANG Yue-Sheng,DANG Xiao-Jiao, et al. Reduced Specificity of Autobiographical Memory in Traumatized Adolescents: Exploring the Contributions of Impaired Executive Control and Affect Regulation[J]. , 2012, 44(1): 112-120.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2012/V44/I1/112
[1] SONG Xiaolei, ZHANG Junting, SHI Jie, YOU Xuqun.  Influence of emotional valence on the spatial simon effect under the vocal response mode[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(8): 1031-1040.
[2] ZHOU Xiao1; WU Xinchun1; YUAN Xiaojiao2; CHEN Jieling1; CHEN Qiuyan2. The Role of Core Beliefs Challenge, Subjective Fear, and Intrusive Rumination in Association Between Severity of Traumatic Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Adolescent Survivors After the Yaan Earthquake[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 455-465.
[3] TAO Ye;XU Qinmei. Phonological Specificity of Lexical Tones in 12-month-old Chinese-speaking Infants[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(10): 1111-1118.
[4] TAO Ye,XU Qin-Mei, PLUNKETT Kim. Phonological Specificity of Tones in Early Lexical Representation at 16 Months of Age[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(8): 1066-1074.
[5] ZHENG Xi-Fu;CHEN Xue-Jun;HUANG Yue-Sheng;DANG Xiao-Jiao;HUANG Shan-Shan. The Effects of Emotion of the Autobiographical Memory on the Implicit Retrieval of the Related Information[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(11): 1463-1471.
[6] FAN Fang,GENG Fu-Lei,ZHANG Lan,ZHU Qing. Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, Negative Life Events and Social Supports: A Longitudinal Study of Survival Adolescents following the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake[J]. , 2011, 43(12): 1398-1407.
[7] CUI Li-Xia,LUO Xiao-Jing,XIAO-Jing. The Influence of Childhood Trauma on Trait-depression and Trait-anxiety: the Mediation-specificity of Schemas[J]. , 2011, 43(10): 1163-1174.
[8] HUANG Si-Lin,LIN Chong-De. The Effects of Delay Time and Foreknowledge on Task Switching[J]. , 2011, 43(04): 396-402.
[9] WU Lei,MO Lei. Re-examining the Classifying Advantage and Basic Level Effect[J]. , 2011, 43(02): 143-151.
[10] JIANG Ke,XIONG Zhe-Hong. Different Contents Different Inductive Inference: Under the Conditions of Embrace-Advantage and Resist-Disadvantage[J]. , 2010, 42(11): 1050-1059.
[11] LIANG San-Cai,You Xu-Qun. Conceptual Control of Visual Images Scanning[J]. , 2010, 42(09): 889-898.
[12]

HUANG Si-Lin,LIN Chong-De,HU Qing-Fen,LUO Liang,CHEN Guang

. The Effect of Foreknowledge and Preparation Time on Task Switching[J]. , 2010, 42(03): 367-376.
[13] HUANG Si-Lin,HU Qing-Fen,LIN Chong-De,LUO Liang,CHEN Guang. Effects of Preparation Time and Foreknowledge on Task Switching[J]. , 2008, 40(08): 873-882.
[14] Wang-Jianping,Wang Yulong,Xie Wei,Yang Zhihui. Effects of Values on the PTSD Symptoms of Deliberate Truama Victims[J]. , 2007, 39(05): 873-879.
[15] Cui-Lixian,Huang-Miner. Effects of Rumination and Distraction on Negative Emotion and Autobiographical Memory[J]. , 2007, 39(01): 78-87.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech