Please wait a minute...
   2011, Vol. 43 Issue (11) : 1263-1272     DOI:
|
The Activation and Inhibition of Non-target Language in Bilingual Speech Production
YE Jia-Wen;WANG Rui-Ming;LI Li;FAN Meng
(1 Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
(2 College of International Culture, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
Download: PDF(285 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  An important question in research on bilinguals is whether bilinguals activate information in both languages even when they intend to speak in only one of their two languages. Psycholinguistic and neuroscientific investigations have provided inconsistent data regarding activation of the two languages by using explicit task paradigms. However, most prominent theories of bilingualism assume that mental representation of languages can be divided into a lexical (word form) and a conceptual (word meaning) level. Thus, the notion of activation was ill-defined in previous studies and it is unclear to which degree words from the non-target language are processed by bilinguals. Therefore, innovative paradigms, conceptual decision tasks and lexical decision tasks were designed in this study to further explore the activation and inhibition of non-target language in bilingual speech production.
In the present study, we used the task of cross-language repetition priming. Participants from South China Normal University included sixty students of non-English-majors who did not pass CET Band 4 and forty students of English-majors. All participants were Chinese natives aging 18~25 years, who learned English as a second language from about the age of 11. Participants were randomly divided into different experiments. Each experiment consisted of a study block and a test block. In the study block, bilingual participants named the pictures in the target language, and in the test block they were instructed to make a concept decision (Experiment 1 and 2) or a lexical decision (Experiment 3). Non-target language words were presented in the test block and half of their translation equivalents were used in the study block. Some new words never used in study block as fillers appeared in test block. Then, Study status (studied vs. non-studied) was manipulated in the test block. The response times and accurate rates were recorded.
In experiment 1, there was no cross language repetition priming effect in both highly proficient and less proficient bilinguals. But in experiment 2, we observed cross language repetition priming effect with conceptual decision tasks only in less proficient bilinguals. However, no cross language repetition priming effect was found with lexical decision tasks in experiment 3. The results revealed that for highly proficient Chinese-English bilinguals, the non-target language was inhibited on conceptual level during the speech production. But for less proficient Chinese-English bilinguals, the non-target language could be inhibited on conceptual level only when using the more dominant language; while using the less dominant language, the non-target language was just inhibited on lexical level but not on conceptual level.
Keywords speech production      non-target language      activation      inhibition      repetition priming     
Corresponding Authors: WANG Rui-Ming   
Issue Date: 30 November 2011
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
YE Jia-Wen
WANG Rui-Ming
LI Li
FAN Meng
Cite this article:   
YE Jia-Wen,WANG Rui-Ming,LI Li, et al. The Activation and Inhibition of Non-target Language in Bilingual Speech Production[J]. , 2011, 43(11): 1263-1272.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/      OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2011/V43/I11/1263
[1] KE Chunchun, NIE Aiqing, ZHANG Ruiqing.  The modulation of recall task on collaborative inhibition and error pruning: The influence of emotional valence and level of processing[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(6): 733-744.
[2] WANG Aijun, LIU Xiaole, TANG Xiaoyu, ZHANG Ming.  Inhibition of return at different eccentricities in visual field under three-dimensional (3D) world[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(6): 723-732.
[3] ZHANG Jijia; ZHANG Yuzhi. The time course of semantic radical’s semantic and syntax activation under radical priming paradigm[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1070-1081.
[4] XU Ju; HU Yuanyan; WANG Shuang; LI Aisu; ZHANG Ming; ZHANG Yang. Cognitive neural mechanism of training effect on inhibition of return: Evidence from an ERP study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(6): 658-670.
[5] LI Heng; CAO Yu. Impact of bilingual experiences on language inhibition ability: Evidence from English-Chinese unimodal and English-American sign language bimodal bilinguals[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(4): 343-351.
[6] MENG Yingfang; LIN Wuji; LIN Jingyuan; CAI Chaoqun. The phonological or semantic activation of non-target language in an immediate cross-language switching paradigm[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(2): 121-129.
[7] LI Li; ZHANG Yang; LI Xuan; GUO Hongting; WU Limei; WANG Ruiming. Cross-language repetition priming effect of semantic access for trilinguals[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(11): 1401-1409.
[8] ZHANG Bao1,2; SHAO Jiaying1; HU Cenlou1; Huang Sai1. Attentional Guidance from Activated and Inhibitory States of  Working Memory Representations[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(9): 1089-1100.
[9] XU Ju; MA Fangyuan; ZHANG Ming; ZHANG Yang. Dissociation of Inhibitory Tagging from Inhibition of Return by Long-term Training[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(8): 981-991.
[10] WANG Aijun; LI Biqin; ZHANG Ming. Location-based Inhibition of Return along Depth Plane in Three-dimensional Space[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(7): 859-868.
[11] YANG Yaping; WANG Pei; YIN Zhihui; CHEN Qingwei; FENG Xiaying. The Pattern and Neural Correlates of Unintentional Stereotype Activation[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 488-502.
[12] CHEN Xuqian; ZHANG Jijia; ZHU Yunxia. The Research of Inhibition Deficit Hypothesis in the Aging of Speech Production: Evidence from Different Speech Level[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(3): 329-343.
[13] YUE Yuan; ZHANG Qingfang. Syllable and Segments Effects in Mandarin Chinese Spoken Word Production[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(3): 319-328.
[14] GU Li; BAI Xuejun; WANG Qin. Impact of Reward/punishment Conditions on Behavioral Inhibition and Automatic Physiological Responses in the Stages[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(1): 39-49.
[15] ZHANG Yuzhi; ZHANG Jijia. Word Length Effect during Chinese Language Production[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(9): 1232-1241.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech