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   2011, Vol. 43 Issue (06) : 650-660     DOI:
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Self-Supporting Personality and Psychosomatic Symptoms: The Testing of Trait-Stress-Symptom Congruence and Mediating Model
XIA Ling-Xiang
School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 40015, China
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Abstract  Self-supporting personality is viewed as an excellent personality factor in traditional Chinese culture and hypothesized as a health personality. In order to explore the role of self-supporting personality resisting psychosomatic symptoms, the trait-stress-symptom congruence and mediation model was developed, which included stress-mediator model hypothesis, trait–stress congruent hypothesis, and trait-symptoms congruent hypothesis.
To test this model, the Self-Supporting Personality Scale of Adolescent Students, Life-Events Scale of Adolescence and Symptom Check List90 (SCL-90) were administered to 674 valid subjects.
The results indicate: (1) The moderate model was not supported, and some self-supporting personality traits could predict psychosomatic symptoms through the mediating effect of stress. (2) The negative predicting effect of interpersonal self-supporting on psychosomatic symptoms was greater than personal self-supporting. Interpersonal self-supporting could negatively predict interpersonal and personal symptoms independently. Personal self-supporting could not independently predict interpersonal symptoms. (3) The negative predicting effect of personal self-supporting on stress was greater than interpersonal self-supporting. Personal self-supporting could negatively predict interpersonal and personal stress independently. Interpersonal self-supporting could not independently predict personal stress. (4) The modified trait-stress-symptom congruence and mediation model of self-supporting personality could be supported.
In sum, it can be concluded that interpersonal self-supporting negatively predicts psychosomatic symptoms through meditation of interpersonal stress. Personal self-supporting negatively predicts personal psychosomatic symptoms through mediation of stress.
Keywords self-supporting personality      psychosomatic symptoms      stress-mediator model      trait-stress congruency hypothesis      trait-symptoms congruency hypothesis      trait-stress-symptom congruence and mediating model     
Corresponding Authors: XIA Ling-Xiang   
Issue Date: 30 June 2011
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XIA Ling-Xiang. Self-Supporting Personality and Psychosomatic Symptoms: The Testing of Trait-Stress-Symptom Congruence and Mediating Model[J]. , 2011, 43(06): 650-660.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/      OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2011/V43/I06/650
[1] XIA Ling-Xiang,HUANG Xi-Ting. Development of the Self-supporting Personality Scale for Adolescent Students[J]. , 2008, 40(05): 593-603.
[2] Wang Dengfeng,Cui Hong. A Predictive Research on Psychosomatic Symptoms with Personality Dimensions, Self-Experience Inconsistency, and Behavior Inhibition[J]. , 2007, 39(05): 861-873.
[3]

Xia-Lingxiang,Huang-Xiting

. Self-supporting Personality of Adolescent Students[J]. , 2006, 38(03): 382-391.
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