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   2011, Vol. 43 Issue (06) : 639-649     DOI:
A New Sex-Role Inventory (CSRI-50) Indicates Changes of Sex Role among Chinese College Students
LIU Dian-Zhi;HUANG Hui-Xin;JIA Feng-Qin;GONG Qian;HUANG Qi1; LI Xia
(1 School of Education, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China)
(2 Department of Psychology, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009, China)
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Abstract  As a part of acquired social gender, sex role not only plays an important role in the development of individuals, but also influences the evolution of national characteristics. Since the sex-role ideology among Chinese college students is undergoing great changes along with the developing society, existing sex role scales may not be suitable for tapping such changes any longer. In the present study we developed a new sex role inventory for Chinese college students and examined the changes of sex-role ideology among Chinese college students.
Following standard procedures, a scale was developed by selecting 90 sex role- indicated words (35 positive words on masculinity, 35 positive words on femininity, and 20 neutral words) from 1700 relevant words, which was then tested on 351 college students (179 males, 172 females). After item discrimination analysis and exploratory factor analysis on the initial results, 50 items in the scale were retained to constitute three subscales. The Masculinity Subscale includes 16 items and four factors: leadership, masculinity, rationality, and generosity. The Femininity Subscale includes 16 items and three factors: empathy, femininity, thrift and careful. The Neutral Subscale includes 18 items. Further, a sample of 5008 college students (2280 males, 2728 females) was selected for reexamination of the 50-item scale. 5% random subsample (106 males, 127 females) from the 5008 dataset was analyzed with Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The results successfully replicated the factor structure identified above and the fit indices indicated a satisfactory goodness-of-fit. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the Masculinity and the Femininity subscales were 0.89 and 0.84, respectively. The retest reliability were 0.82 (M) and 0.80 (F). Demonstrative validity and expert validity were also satisfactory. The vocabulary in this new 50-item sex role inventory for Chinese college students (CSRI-50) differs substantially from other existing sex role scales: Chinese man is characteristic of the trait of rationality; Chinese women is characteristic of the trait of expression, as well as some traditional Chinese traits such as thrift, industrious and careful. Within the subsample, the proportion of Androgynous, Undifferentiated, and traditional sex role (including both of the Masculinity and Femininity) are about one third respectively. Comparing to previous studies, males showed weaker Masculinity traits, and females showed weaker Femininity traits, while the Androgynous and the Undifferentiated increased proportionally. However, the proportion of Masculinity among males was higher than that among females, and the proportion of Femininity among females was higher than that in males, indicating the continuing influence of the traditional culture.
Keywords sex role      inventory development      vocabulary changes      change of sex role     
Corresponding Authors: LIU Dian-Zhi;HUANG Hui-Xin   
Issue Date: 30 June 2011
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LIU Dian-Zhi
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LIU Dian-Zhi,HUANG Hui-Xin,JIA Feng-Qin, et al. A New Sex-Role Inventory (CSRI-50) Indicates Changes of Sex Role among Chinese College Students[J]. , 2011, 43(06): 639-649.
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[1] CAI Hua-Jian,HUANG Xuan-Feng,SONG Hai-Rong. The Relationship between Sex-role and Subjective Well-being in China[J]. , 2008, 40(04): 474-486.
[2] Qian Mingyi, Zhang Guangjian, Luo Shanhong, Zhang Shen(Psychology Department, Beijing University, Beijing 100871). SEX ROLE INVENTORY FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS (CSRI)[J]. , 2000, 32(01): 99-104.
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