Please wait a minute...
   2011, Vol. 43 Issue (02) : 152-163     DOI:
|
Outcome Prediction and Evaluation in Young Adolescents: A Study of Event-Related Potentials
CHEN Jing;SUO Tao;YUAN Wen-Ping;FENG Ting-Yong
(1 School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
(2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality of Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China)
Download: PDF(562 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  People can generate anticipations from the environmental events and comparing them with the actual results constantly, by evaluating outcomes of feedback information to facilitate the performance of the behavior. Outcome evaluation, the process of evaluation that people act on their own or through external feedback results, is an important cognitive function of human. In event-related potential (ERP) research on the outcome evaluation or feedback processing, feedback-related negativity (FRN) and P300 were important components particularly induced by evaluating performance outcomes in adult subjects. Adopting a paradigm of lottery gambling task and manipulating the reward-related certainty, the present study investigated the cognitive and neural electrophysiological processes of outcome anticipation and evaluation in young adolescents, and compared the results with adults’, which as the control group.
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were measured when 15 healthy right-handed junior high school students did a lottery-gambling task. The participants were told that the red ball would immediately stop on the box it was passing by once they press the button. The red ball stopping on the green part indicates their gain, whereas, the gray part indicates their loss in the trail. We mainly analyzed ERPs elicited by the gain and loss feedback outcomes following two certainty conditions.
The results showed that: Feedback Related Negativity which reflects the automatic rapid outcome evaluation showed not significant differences between adolescents and adults, whether in the high or low certainty condition. whereas, P300 which reflects the controlled elaborately outcome evaluation of the functional significance of feedback stimulus was sensitive both to groups and certainty conditions, which showed a significant interaction. Simple effects analysis showed that, in the high-certainty condition, the difference between amplitude of P300 elicited by gain and loss were significant in adolescents; however, there were not significant differences in adults for the P300 amplitude between gain and loss.
These results revealed that the young adolescents had showed different trends in the development of abilities to automatic rapid and controlled elaborate of outcome evaluations and functional significance of feedback simulation. The ability of adolescents to evaluate feedback stimulation rapidly was close to the level of adults, but their ability to controlled elaborate outcome evaluation of the functional significance of feedback stimulation was developmentally underactive.
Keywords young adolescents      outcome prediction      outcome evaluation      FRN      P300     
Corresponding Authors: FENG Ting-Yong   
Issue Date: 28 February 2011
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
CHEN Jing
SUO Tao
YUAN Wen-Ping
FENG Ting-Yong
Cite this article:   
CHEN Jing,SUO Tao,YUAN Wen-Ping, et al. Outcome Prediction and Evaluation in Young Adolescents: A Study of Event-Related Potentials[J]. , 2011, 43(02): 152-163.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/      OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2011/V43/I02/152
[1] WANG Yiwen; ZHANG Zhen; YUAN Sheng; GUO Fengbo; HE Shaoying; JING Yiming. The Decision-making and Outcome Evaluation during a Repeated Trust Game[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(8): 1028-1038.
[2] GAO Xuemei; WENG Lei; ZHOU Qun; ZHAO Cai; LI Fang. Dose Violent Offenders Have Lower Capacity of Empathy for Pain: Evidence from ERPs[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 478-487.
[3] YANG Shuai;HUANG Xiting;CHEN Youguo;FU Yuling;LIU Mengchao. Effect of Interpersonal Distance on Neural Basis of Self- and Other Representation: Evidence from the oFRN Component[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(5): 666-676.
[4] DOU Wei;QU Lulu;QU Chen. Social Comparison Affects Outcome Evaluation in The Cooperative Task: An ERP Study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(3): 405-414.
[5] ZHONG Yiping;FAN Wei;CAI Ronghua;TAN Qianbao;XIAO Lihui;ZHAN Youlong;LUO Xi;QIN Minhui. The Influence of Positive Emotion on the Degree Effect in Self-referential Processes: Evidence from ERPs[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(3): 341-352 .
[6] BAI Liying; YUAN Bo; ZHANG Wei; ZHANG Zhen; Lan Jiao; WANG Yiwen. Interpersonal Cooperation and Conflict Influenced Outcome Evaluation in Social Decision-making[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(11): 1760-1771.
[7] XIANG Ling;WANG Bao-Xi;ZHANG Qing-Lin. Performance Monitoring and Behavioral Adjustments in a Time-Estimation Task: Evidence from ERP Study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(9): 1149-1159.
[8] SUO Tao,FENG Ting-Yong,LUO Jun-Long,LUO Yu,LI Hong. Positive Outcome Evaluation Is Modulated by Closeness of Outcome: An ERP Research[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(8): 1047-1057.
[9] SUO Tao,FENG Ting-Yong,GU Ben-Bo,WANG Hui-Li,LI Hong. Modulation of Attribution of Responsibility on ‘Action Effect’ and Its ERP Evidence[J]. , 2011, 43(12): 1430-1440.
[10] WU Yan,LUO Yue-Jia. The Outcome Evaluation in the Altruistic Punishment: An ERP Study[J]. , 2011, 43(06): 661-673.
[11] YUE Ling-Yun,FENG Ting-Yong,LI Sen-Sen,LI Guang-Pu,LI Hong. The Differences of Individuals Having Different Regulatory Modes on Counterfactual Thinking: Evidence from An ERP Study[J]. , 2011, 43(03): 274-282.
[12] WU Yan,YU Rong-Jun,ZHOU Xiao-Lin,LUO Yue-Jia. Self-relevant Criteria Determine the Evaluation of Outcomes in the Self-performance and Other-performance Gambling Task[J]. , 2010, 42(02): 279-287.
[13] ZHANG Hui-Jun,ZHOU Li-Ming,LUO Yue-Jia. The Influence of Responsibility on the Regret Intensity: An ERP Study[J]. , 2009, 41(05): 454-463.
[14] CUI Qian,ZHANG Qing-Lin,QIU Jiang,LIU Qiang,DU Xiu-Min,RUAN Xiao-Lin. The Functionally Separation of P300 and CNV in Lie Detection[J]. , 2009, 41(04): 316-328.
[15] XIANG Ling,WANG Bao-Xi,ZHANG Qing-Lin,YUAN Hong. The Effect of Reference Point of the Feedback-related ERPs[J]. , 2008, 40(12): 1240-1249.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech