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Acta Psychologica Sinica    2019, Vol. 51 Issue (6) : 637-647     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00637
Reports of Empirical Studies |
Emotional regulation goals of young adults with depression inclination: An event-related potential study
LI Hong1,2,3,YANG Xiaoguang1,2,ZHENG Wenyu1,2,WANG Chao1,2()
1 School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
2 Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Cognitive Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
3 Shenzhen Institute of Neuroscience, Shenzhen 518060, China
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Abstract  

Researches on deficits in emotion regulation of depression have mainly focused on the selection and application of emotion-regulation strategies; however, it remains unclear whether it is also related to emotion-regulation goals, i.e., the direction of emotion regulation. Situation selection is an antecedent-focused regulation strategy that is worked before the emotional reactions occur and it can be used as an index of emotional-regulation goals.

In our current study, the event-related potential (ERP) technique was used to investigate the emotion-regulation goals of young adults with depression inclination. Participants were asked to freely select the emotion-inducing scenes in which they want to put themselves and to report their emotional preferences。

ERP results revealed that the amplitudes of Late Positive Potential (LPP) were significantly decreased when viewing the sadness scene in young adults with depression inclination, and they selected to view sadness scene more frequently than healthy young adults. In addition, the ratings of sadness preferences were significantly higher among subjects with depression inclination, while the happiness preferences were lower.

The current results suggest that, compared to the control group, the individuals with depression inclination are more willing to use situation selection to maintain or enhance their sadness rather than weaken it or enhance their happiness. These findings further indicate that emotion regulation goals of depressive subjects may be related to their motivations for selecting emotional stimulus, and provide a new perspective for exploring the causes and mechanisms of emotion regulation deficits in depressive disorders.

Keywords emotion regulation      emotion regulation goal      depression inclination      approach-avoidance motivation      late positive potential     
ZTFLH:  B845  
  B842  
Corresponding Authors: Chao WANG     E-mail: wang@szu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 25 April 2019
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Hong LI
Xiaoguang YANG
Wenyu ZHENG
Chao WANG
Cite this article:   
Hong LI,Xiaoguang YANG,Wenyu ZHENG, et al. Emotional regulation goals of young adults with depression inclination: An event-related potential study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2019, 51(6): 637-647.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00637     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2019/V51/I6/637
  
项目名称 健康控制组 抑郁倾向组 p
N 18 18
性别(男/女) 10/8 8/10 0.53a
年龄 20.78 (1.86) 20.56 (1.98) 0.73b
BDI-II 5.22 (3.08) 25.11 (4.05) < 0.001 b
PANAS
正性情绪 20.33 ± 6.29 19.77 ± 7.46 0.239 b
负性情绪 11.38 ± 4.09 12.72 ± 2.35 0.811 b
  
组别 图片类型
快乐的 中性的 悲伤的
抑郁倾向组
快乐 5.32 (1.69) 2.07 (1.05) 1.40 (0.46)
悲伤 1.43 (0.38) 1.66 (0.77) 5.41 (1.79)
健康控制组
快乐 5.92 (1.39) 2.26 (1.04) 1.24 (0.16)
悲伤 1.22 (0.27) 1.51 (0.70) 5.43 (1.47)
  
  
组别 图片类型
快乐图片 中性图片 悲伤图片
健康控制组 45.50 (13.86) 31.83 (15.56) 12.39 (10.41)
抑郁倾向组 37.39 (14.60) 28.33 (12.11) 23.22 (11.56)
总计 41.44 (14.62) 30.08 (13.85) 17.81 (12.16)
  
变量 M SD 相关
1 2 3
1. 对快乐的偏好 5.19 1.03
2. 对悲伤的偏好 2.31 0.95 -0.38*
3. 被选的快乐图片数量 41.44 14.63 0.48** -0.27
4. 被选的悲伤图片数量 17.81 12.16 -0.37* 0.47** -0.29
  
  
  
  
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