Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica    2019, Vol. 51 Issue (2) : 196-206     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00196
|
Categorical perception of color can be instantly influenced by color vision fatigue and semantic satiation
WU Baizhou1,LI Jie1,2(),HE Hu1,2,HOU You1,2,JIA Yingqi1,FENG Shenxing1
1 The Key Laboratory of Psychology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
2 College of Psychology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
Download: PDF(792 KB)   HTML Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks     Supporting Info
Guide   
Abstract  

Categorical perception of color (CCP) refers to the phenomenon by which the discrimination of between-category (BC) colors (i.e., colors that fall into different color categories) is faster and more accurate than the discrimination of within-category (WC) colors (i.e., colors that belong to the same category). Theoretical controversy exists regarding the influence of perception and language on CCP. The perception-based view holds that, although different lexical codes may be used, language does not affect CCP. In contrast, the language-based view suggests that language can influence the speaker’s thought, and thus, language exerts an influence on CCP. Several studies of CCP have provided evidence supporting both views. In recent years, a new theory, the categorical/verbal label comparisons (VLC) model, has been developed in which it is argued that cognitive conflict between a combination of semantic and perceptual processes leads to CCP, and thus, this effect is essentially one of cognitive processing rather than perceptual recognition or lexical codes. This study attempts to investigate the role of perception and language in CCP by changing participants’ ability to process information regarding either color vision or semantics.
In this study, participants were required to perform a visual search task to find the only chip (object) that was different in color from 12 other chips (background) around a fixation point. The participants were asked to press “f” when the object was presented to the left of the fixation point and “j” when the object was presented to the right of the fixation point. In Experiment 1, color vision fatigue was used to disturb the color vision of 26 university students who were randomly selected to perform a shape discrimination task unrelated to CCP. In the fatigued condition, two colors belonging to the same category flickered on the screen at 50 Hz for 15 s, and then, 12 trials of the visual search task were performed. In the nonfatigued condition, a constant gray background was presented on the screen lasting 15 s, followed by the visual search task. In Experiment 2, semantic satiation was used to disturb the semantic processing of 22 university students who were randomly selected to perform a meaning-judgment task unrelated to CCP, in which the meaning of a word on the screen was either that of a color or a facial expression. In the high-satiation condition, 60 equivalent color words and 6 noncolor words were judged, and then, 12 trials of the visual search task were performed. In the low-satiation condition, 60 equivalents facial expression words and 6 color words were judged, followed by the visual search task.
A 3-way repeated measures ANOVA was performed on the RT data from Experiment 1 (category type x degree of color vision fatigue x visual field). The results indicated that the interaction between category type and the degree of color vision fatigue was significant, F(1, 25) = 49.250, p < 0.001, ηp 2 = 0.663. Color vision fatigue was associated with increased RTs for within-category colors (not significant) and with significantly decreased RTs for between-category colors, F(1, 25) = 6.760, p = 0.015, ηp 2 = 0.213. A 2-way repeated measures ANOVA was performed on CCP effects (the RTs for the within-category condition minus the RTs for the between-category condition), and the results indicated that the main effect of the degree of color vision fatigue was significant, F (1, 25) = 13.183, p = 0.001, ηp 2 = 0.345, such that the fatigued condition (41 ms) produced stronger CCP effects than the nonfatigued condition (17 ms). These results indicated that color vision fatigue increased the effect of CCP in participants. In Experiment 2, since semantic satiation only disturbs the word being satiated without disturbing the others, the two types of stimuli in the WC condition may have been affected differently. Based on whether the meaning of the two colors in the WC condition was identical to the meaning of the satiating word, the WC condition was split into two conditions: identical-WC and nonidentical-WC. A 3-way repeated measures ANOVA was performed on the RT data from Experiment 2, and the results indicated that the interaction between category and the degree of semantic satiation was significant, F(1, 20) = 4.674, p = 0.022, ηp 2 = 0.330. A simple effects analysis found that the RTs in the two WC conditions were not significantly different from the RTs in the low-satiation condition (287 ms for identical vs 283 ms for nonidentical, p = 0.377), but both WC condition RTs were slower than those in the BC condition (263 ms, p < 0.001). The RT for the identical-WC condition (291 ms) was slower than both those in the nonidentical-WC condition (279 ms, p = 0.004) and those in the BC condition (261 ms, p < 0.001). A 3-way repeated measures ANOVA was performed on CCP effects (condition x degree of satiation x visual field), and the results indicated that the interaction between identical type conditions and the degree of satiation was significant, F(1, 20) = 8.471, p = 0.009, ηp 2 = 0.298. A simple effects analysis found that the identical-WC condition (30 ms) produced a stronger CCP effect than the nonidentical-WC condition (18 ms) in the high-satiation condition, F(1, 20) = 10.772, p = 0.004, ηp 2 = 0.350, but this comparison was not significant in the low-satiation condition (23 ms vs 19 ms), F(1, 20) = 0.773, p = 0.390. These results indicated that semantic satiation increased CCP effects in participants in the identical-WC condition. In sum, the results of these experiments indicated that semantic processing was not influenced by color vision fatigue, but it was influenced by semantic satiation.
Linguistic relativism cannot explain the perceptual effects found in Experiment 1, and linguistic universalism cannot explain the semantic effects found in Experiment 2; only the VLC model can explain all the results of this study. Therefore, this study supports the VLC model. Participants’ color vision was disturbed by color vision fatigue, such that the role color vision information played in visual search task performance was decreased, and the effect of semantic information was increased. As a result, the effect of CCP increased in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, the participants’ semantic processing of the satiated word was disturbed by semantic satiation, leading to difficulty in extracting the meaning of the satiated word. Therefore, the RT in the identical-WC condition was slowed, and the effect of CCP was increased.

Keywords categorical perception of color      color vision fatigue      semantic satiation      linguistic universalism      linguistic relativism     
ZTFLH:  B842.5  
Corresponding Authors: Jie LI     E-mail: healthlj2004@163.com
Issue Date: 24 December 2018
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Baizhou WU
Jie LI
Hu HE
You HOU
Yingqi JIA
Shenxing FENG
Cite this article:   
Baizhou WU,Jie LI,Hu HE, et al. Categorical perception of color can be instantly influenced by color vision fatigue and semantic satiation[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2019, 51(2): 196-206.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00196     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2019/V51/I2/196
  
范畴 左视野(LVF) 右视野(RVF)
疲劳 无疲劳 疲劳 无疲劳
范畴内(WC) 328 ± 91 315 ± 92 308 ± 81 305 ± 80
范畴间(BC) 285 ± 75 297 ± 90 269 ± 63 290 ± 96
  
  
  
范畴 左视野(LVF) 右视野(RVF)
高饱和 低饱和 高饱和 低饱和
范畴内(WC) 289 ± 45 290 ± 45 281 ± 39 280 ± 35
范畴间(BC) 267 ± 40 270 ± 44 255 ± 26 256 ± 28
  
范畴 左视野(LVF) 右视野(RVF)
高饱和 低饱和 高饱和 低饱和
一致-范畴内(Y-WC) 295 ± 49 293 ± 49 287 ± 40 280 ± 36
不一致-范畴内(N-WC) 284 ± 43 286 ± 46 274 ± 39 279 ± 37
范畴间(BC) 267 ± 40 270 ± 44 255 ± 25 256 ± 28
  
  
1 Abbott J. T., Griffiths T. L., & Regier T . ( 2016). Focal colors across languages are representative members of color categories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113( 40), 11178-11183.
url: http://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1513298113
2 Cheng, C.M., & Lai H.D, . ( 2012). The mechanism underlying Chinese orthographic decomposition. Advances in Psychology, 2( 4), 163-172.
2 [ 郑昭明, 赖惠德 . ( 2012). 汉字的解体及其机制. 心理科学进展, 2( 4), 163-172.]
3 Cogan, F.C., & Cogan D.G, . ( 1938). Recovery time from color fatigue in the peripheral visual field. Ophthalmologica, 96( 4-5), 267-276.
url: https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/299621
4 Franklin A., Drivonikou G. V., Bevis L., Davies I. R. L., Kay P., & Regier T . ( 2008 a). Categorical perception of color is lateralized to the right hemisphere in infants, but to the left hemisphere in adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105( 9), 3221-3225.
url: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0712286105
5 Franklin A., Drivonikou G. V., Clifford A., Kay P., Regier T., & Davies I. R . ( 2008 b). Lateralization of categorical perception of color changes with color term acquisition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105( 47), 18221-18225.
url: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0809952105
6 Galmar, B. ( 2012). Verbal satiation of Chinese bisyllabic words: A semantic locus and its time course. Palm.mindmodeling.org.
7 Gilbert A. L., Regier T., Kay P., & Ivry R. B . ( 2006). Whorf hypothesis is supported in the right visual field but not the left. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103( 2), 489-494.
url: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0509868103
8 He H., Li J., Zhang Y., & Zhang S . ( 2016). Language affects perception: evidence from Mongolian. Paper presented at the 16th International Conference on the Processing of East Asian Languages, Guangzhou, China.
9 Holmes A., Franklin A., Clifford A., & Davies I . ( 2009). Neurophysiological evidence for categorical perception of color. Brain Cognition, 69( 2), 426-434.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0278262608002881
10 Hu Z., Hanley J. R., Zhang R., Liu Q., & Roberson D . ( 2014). A conflict-based model of color categorical perception: Evidence from a priming study. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21( 5), 1214-1223.
11 Lewis, M.B., & Ellis H.D, . ( 2000). Satiation in name and face recognition. Memory & Cognition, 28( 5), 783-788.
12 Li F. M. (1995). Handbook of ophthalmology. People's Medical Publishing House.
12 [ 李凤鸣 . (1995). 眼科全书. 人民卫生出版社.]
13 Liu Q., Chen A-T., Wang Q., Zhou L., & Sun H-J ., ( 2008). An evidence for the effect of categorical perception on color perception. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 40( 1), 8-13.
13 [ 刘强, 陈安涛, 王琪, 周柳, 孙弘进 . ( 2008). 知觉加工中存在颜色类别知觉效应的证据. 心理学报, 40( 1), 8-13.]
14 Liu Q., Li H., Campos J. L., Teeter C., Tao W., Zhang Q., & Sun H-J . ( 2010). Language suppression effects on the categorical perception of colour as evidenced through ERPs. Biological Psychology, 85( 1), 45-52.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301051110001201
15 Liu Q., Li H., Campos J. L., Wang Q., Zhang Y., Qiu J., Zhang Q., & Sun H. J . ( 2009). The N2pc component in ERP and the lateralization effect of language on color perception. Neuroscience Letters, 454( 1), 58-61.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304394009002353
16 Mo L., Xu G., Kay P., & Tan L-H . ( 2011). Electrophysiological evidence for the left-lateralized effect of language on preattentive categorical perception of color. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108( 34), 14026-14030.
url: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1111860108
17 Roberson D., & Hanley, J. R .( 2010). Relatively speaking: An account of the relationship between language and thought in the color domain In B C Malt & P Wolff (Eds), Words and the mind: How words capture human experience (pp 183-198) New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
18 Skelton A. E., Catchpole G., Abbott J. T., Bosten J. M., & Franklin A . ( 2017). Biological origins of color categorization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114( 21), 5545-5550.
url: http://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1612881114
19 Tajima C. I., Tajima S., Koida K., Komatsu H., Aihara K., & Suzuki H . ( 2016). Population code dynamics in categorical perception. Scientific Reports, 6, 22536.
url: http://www.nature.com/articles/srep22536
20 Tian, X., & Huber D.E, . ( 2010). Testing an associative account of semantic satiation. Cognitive Psychology, 60( 4), 267-290.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010028510000046
21 Winawer J., Witthoft N., Frank M. C., Wu L., Wade A. R., & Boroditsky L . ( 2007). Russian blues reveal effects of language on color discrimination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104( 19), 7780-7785.
url: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0701644104
22 Witzel, C., & Gegenfurtner K.R, . ( 2016). Categorical perception for red and brown. Journal of Experimental Psychology Human Perception & Performance, 42( 4), 540-570.
23 Yang J., Kanazawa S., Yamaguchi M. K., & Kuriki I . ( 2016). Cortical response to categorical color perception in infants investigated by near-infrared spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113( 9), 2370-2375.
url: http://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1512044113
24 Yuan J., Carr S., Ding G., Fu S., & Zhang J. X . ( 2016). An associative account of orthographic satiation in Chinese characters. Reading and Writing, 30( 3), 631-651.
25 Zhang J. J., Fang Y. H., & Xie S. S . ( 2013). Interactive theory of color cognition and its evidence. Advances in Psychological Science, 20( 7), 949-962.
25 [ 张积家, 方燕红, 谢书书 . ( 2012). 颜色词与颜色认知的关系:相互作用理论及其证据. 心理科学进展, 20( 7), 949-962.]
26 Zhang J. J., Liu X., & Wang Y . ( 2014). On the semantic satiation of Chinese-English bilinguals. Foreign Language Teaching and Research (bimonthly), 46( 3), 423-435.
26 [ 张积家, 刘翔, 王悦 . ( 2014). 汉英双语者语义饱和效应研究. 外语教学与研究, 46( 3), 423-434.]
27 Zhong W., Li Y., Huang Y., Li H., & Mo L . ( 2017). Is the lateralized categorical perception of color a situational effect of language on color perception?. Cognitive Science, 42( 3), 1-15.
28 Zhong W., Li Y., Xu G., Qin K., & Mo L . ( 2014). Short-term trained lexical categories cause a shift of color categorical perception from right hemisphere to left hemisphere. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 46( 4), 450-458.
28 [ 钟伟芳, 李悠, 徐贵平, 秦凯鑫, 莫雷 . ( 2014). 短期习得的语言范畴使成人大脑右半球颜色范畴知觉转为左半球颜色范畴知觉. 心理学报, 46( 4), 450-458.]
[1] JIAO Jiangli, LIU Yi, WEN Suxia.  Automatic emotional access in emotional stroop of different proficient type of bilinguals[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(9): 1150-1157.
[2] CUI Zhan-ling,ZHANG Ji-jia. Linguistic Association Model for Tibetan-Mandarin-English Trilingual[J]. , 2009, 41(03): 208-219.
[3] FANG Yan-Hong,ZHANG Ji-Jia. Asymmetry in Naming and Categorizing of Chinese Words and Pictures: Role of Semantic Radicals[J]. , 2009, 41(02): 114-126.
[4] CHEN Qi-Shan,LI Li. Rating Comprehension and Predicting Performance: Clarifying Two Forms of Metacomprehension Monitoring[J]. , 2008, 40(09): 961-968.
[5] ZHANG Ji-Jia,JIANG Min-Min. The Effects of the Radical Family Size and High Frequency Phonetic Radical Family Member on Phonogram Recognition[J]. , 2008, 40(09): 947-960.
[6] DU Xiu-Min,ZHANG Qing-Lin,ZENG Jian-Min,CUI Qian, LUO Jun-Long,RUAN Xiao-Lin. Hot hand fallacy or Gambler’s Fallacy?
A research on the Gestalt phenomena in random sequence recency effect
[J]. , 2008, 40(08): 853-861.
[7] Zhang Qianqiu,Zhang JiJia. Effect of Levels of Processing on Language-dependent Recall in Mandarin and Cantonese[J]. , 2007, 39(05): 795-806.
[8] Zhang Tingting,Li Hong,Long Changquan,Feng Tingyong,Chen Antao,Li Fuhong,Wang Xiufang. Property Centrality Effect in Inductive Reasoning[J]. , 2007, 39(05): 826-836.
[9] Liu Xuefeng,Zhang Zhixue,Liang Junping. Need for Cognitive Closure, Framing Effect and Decision Preference[J]. , 2007, 39(04): 611-618.
[10] Wang Ruiming,Mo Lei,Wu Jun,Cui Lei. The Course of Background Information Processing in Text Reading: Activation and Integration[J]. , 2007, 39(04): 589-601.
[11] Wang Moyun, Fu Xiaolan. A TEST ON THE POWER PC THEORY WITH THE PARADIGM OF COMPARING CAUSAL POWER[J]. , 2004, 36(02): 160-167.
[12] Wang-Yunjia,Chu-Min,He-Lin. Classification and Distribution of Sentence Stress in Mandarin[J]. , 2003, 35(06): 734-742.
[13] Mo-Lei,--Wang-Ruiming,--He-Xianyou. RESEARCH ON THE MODE OF INFORMATION INTEGRATION IN TEXT-READING[J]. , 2003, 35(06): 743-752.
[14]

Xin-Ziqiang,Yu-Guoliang

. ACQUISITION AND CHANGE OF STRATEGY IN MATHEMATICAL PROBLEM SOLVING:A MICROGENETIC STUDY[J]. , 2003, 35(06): 786-795.
[15] Liu Zhiya,Zhao Dongmei. ILLUSION IN DOUBLE-PREMISES DEDUCTIVE REASONING[J]. , 2003, 35(05): 636-642.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech