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Acta Psychologica Sinica    2019, Vol. 51 Issue (2) : 163-176     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00163
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Location effect of Chinese wordable components in the component priming paradigm
WANG Dan,WANG Ting,QIN Song,ZHANG Jijia()
Key Research Center for National Psychology and Education, the National Education Development Center of the Ministry of Education, Beijing 100872, China
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Abstract  

Several components in phonogram characters, such as ‘女’, ‘口’ and ‘马’, can be phonetic radical in the phonetic components’ location or semantic radical in the semantic components’ location. We call these components Chinese wordable components (or Chinese wordable radical), and such components must be a single Chinese character. The location and function of Chinese wordable components vary in Chinese characters. In theory, each wordable components can appear in different parts of Chinese characters. However, the same component appears in different locations of Chinese characters with different characterisation characteristics because of the assumption that the location of components follows orthographic rules, and the frequency of the components’ location is different. However, previous studies have failed to distinguish between components’ location and the frequency of components in various locations and did not explore the effects of wordable components in different locations.
This study used the component priming paradigm, which can effectively explore the effect of components’ location on the cognition of Chinese characters. With regard to components that can appear in different locations of Chinese characters, this study investigated the roles of different parts in Chinese character recognition by matching the usage frequency of Chinese characters (all high-frequency characters), stroke numbers and other factors in the component priming paradigm. Experiment 1 adopted the component priming paradigm to investigate the function of wordable components in different locations in Chinese character recognition. The priming stimuli were wordable components of three locations (primary semantic radical, secondary semantic radical and phonetic radical). The target stimuli were Chinese characters that contained these wordable components in three locations. Subjects were asked to identify the true and false characters of the target Chinese characters. Experiment 2 adopted component priming and visual search paradigms to investigate the function of wordable components in different locations. The priming stimuli were similar to those in Experiment 1. The target stimuli were square pictures that contained four Chinese characters. Subjects were asked to determine the presence of true and false characters in the picture, and eye movement data were recorded.
The following points were gathered from the results. Firstly, the priming effect of the wordable component in the phonetic radical’s location was stronger than that in the semantic radical’s location. Secondly, when the wordable components were applied as semantic radical, they only appeared in the primary semantic radical’s location rather than in the secondary semantic radical’s location. Lastly, the wordable components in the phonetic radical’s location promoted not only the cognition of Chinese characters containing the phonetic radical’s location components but also the cognition of Chinese characters containing the primary semantic radical’s location components. However, they hindered the cognition of Chinese characters containing the secondary semantic radical’s location components. When priming components appeared in the secondary semantic radical’s location, they had no effect on the Chinese characters containing related components.
The study showed that in Chinese character cognition, the effect of component location includes the dual effect of the components’ location and the frequency of the components’ location.

Keywords semantic radical      phonetic radical      wordable components      component priming      location effect     
ZTFLH:  B842  
Corresponding Authors: Jijia ZHANG     E-mail: Zhangjj1955@163.com
Issue Date: 24 December 2018
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Dan WANG
Ting WANG
Song QIN
Jijia ZHANG
Cite this article:   
Dan WANG,Ting WANG,Song QIN, et al. Location effect of Chinese wordable components in the component priming paradigm[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2019, 51(2): 163-176.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00163     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2019/V51/I2/163
汉字类型 材料举例 平均笔画数 平均字频(百万分之一)
包含主要义符位置部件 岭 峡 峭 8.50 127.30
包含次要义符位置部件 岗 崩 崇 8.83 118.71
包含声符位置部件 讪 仙 汕 8.06 122.20
  
  
启动类型 启动部件位置 目标汉字
包含主要义符位置部件 包含次要义符位置部件 包含声符位置部件
反应时 错误率 反应时 错误率 反应时 错误率
部件启动 主要义符位置 530 (61) 0.041 (0.061) 571 (80) 0.047 (0.050) 560 (63) 0.049 (0.059)
次要义符位置 569 (78) 0.049 (0.061) 569 (85) 0.054 (0.056) 571 (83) 0.054 (0.050)
声符位置 552 (71) 0.049 (0.059) 572 (84) 0.052 (0.061) 535 (75) 0.049 (0.060)
控制启动 *** 577 (69) 0.050 (0.039) 580 (59) 0.052 (0.050) 574 (58) 0.049 (0.050)
  
启动部件位置 目标汉字类型
包含主要义
符位置部件
包含次要义
符位置部件
包含声符
位置部件
主要义符位置 -47** -12 -14
次要义符位置 -8 -11 -3
声符位置 -25* -8 -39*
  
  
启动类型 启动位置 反应时 错误率
部件启动 主要义符位置 989 (69)* 0.077 (0.031)
次要义符位置 960 (58) 0.071 (0.035)
声符位置 990 (65)* 0.080 (0.038)
控制启动 *** 950 (62) 0.075 (0.041)
  
启动类型 启动部件位置 总注视时长(ms) 注视点个数(个)
A B C A B C
部件启动 主要义符位置 220 (40) 183 (36) 198 (47) 1.3 (0.4) 0.9 (0.3) 1.1 (0.4)
次要义符位置 194 (42) 191 (30) 194 (32) 1.0 (0.3) 1.0 (0.3) 1.1 (0.3)
声符位置 210 (47) 194 (47) 220 (50) 1.0 (0.3) 0.8 (0.3) 1.3 (0.4)
控制启动 *** 181 (31) 180 (38) 186 (30) 1.1 (0.3) 1.0 (0.3) 1.0 (0.3)
  
启动部件位置 总注视时长(ms) 注视点个数
A B C A B C
主要义符位置 39*** 3 12 0.2* -0.1 0.1
次要义符位置 13 11 8 -0.1 0.0 0.1
声符位置 29* 14 34** -0.1 -0.2* 0.3**
  
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[1] ZHANG Yuzhi, ZHANG Jijia.  The effects of neighborhood size and category consistency of the semantic radical on semantic radical’s semantic activation under radical priming paradigm[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(8): 1041-1052.
[2] ZHANG Jijia; ZHANG Yuzhi. The time course of semantic radical’s semantic and syntax activation under radical priming paradigm[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1070-1081.
[3] WANG Xieshun; WU Yan; ZHAO Simin; NI Chao; ZHANG Ming. The effects of semantic radicals and phonetic radicals in Chinese phonogram recognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(2): 130-140.
[4] WANGJuan; ZHANG Jijia. The effects of category consistency and neighborhood size of the semantic radical on the semantic processing of Chinese character[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(11): 1390-1400.
[5] CHI Hui;YAN Guoli;XU Xiaolu;XIA Ying;CUI Lei;BAI Xuejun. The Effect of Phonetic Radicals on Identification of Chinese Phonograms: Evidence from Eye Movement[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(9): 1242-1260.
[6] ZHANG Jijia;WANG Juan;YIN Cong. The Role of Phonetic Radicals and Semantic Radicals in Phonetics and Semantics Extraction of Phonogram Characters: An Eye Movement Study on Components Perception[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(7): 885-900.
[7] CHEN Xin-Kui,ZHANG Ji-Jia. Role of Familiarity of Semantic Radicals in the Recognition of Lowly Familiar Chinese Characters[J]. , 2012, 44(7): 882-895.
[8] CAI Hou-De,Qi Xing-Liang,CHEN Qing-Rong,ZHONG Yuan. Effects of Phonetic Radical Position on the Regularity Effect for Naming Pictophonetic Characters[J]. , 2012, 44(7): 868-881.
[9]

CUI Zhan-Ling,ZHANG Ji-Jia

. The Mechanism of Language Switching in Language Comprehension: Evidence from the Sub-lexical Level[J]. , 2010, 42(02): 173-184.
[10] FANG Yan-Hong,ZHANG Ji-Jia. Asymmetry in Naming and Categorizing of Chinese Words and Pictures: Role of Semantic Radicals[J]. , 2009, 41(02): 114-126.
[11] ZHANG Ji-Jia,JIANG Min-Min. The Effects of the Radical Family Size and High Frequency Phonetic Radical Family Member on Phonogram Recognition[J]. , 2008, 40(09): 947-960.
[12] Chen Xinkui,Zhang Jijia. Role of Familiarity of Semantic Radicals in the Recognition of Highly Familiar Chinese Characters[J]. , 2008, 40(02): 148-159.
[13] Zhang-Jijia,Fang-Yanhong,Chen-Xinkui. The Role of Semantic Radicals of Chinese Characters in Grammatical Categorization of Chinese Visual Words[J]. , 2006, 38(02): 159-169.
[14] Zhou Xiaolin (Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences,and Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, 100871) William Marslen Wilson (MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom). Semantic Processing of Phonetic Radicals in Reading Chinese Characters[J]. , 2002, 34(01): 2-10.
[15] Zhang Jijia (Department of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631) Wang Huiping (Department of Psychology, Yantai Teachers College, Yantai 264025). THE EFFECTS OF PHONOLOGICAL AND TONAL RELATIONS BETWEEN PHONETIC RADICALS AND WHOLE CHARACTERS ON THE PROCESSING OF PICTOPHONETIC CHARACTERS[J]. , 2001, 33(03): 2-6.
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