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Acta Psychologica Sinica    2018, Vol. 50 Issue (9) : 953-964     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00953
Reports of Empirical Studies |
Effect of the spatial linguistic symbol on the container metaphor of seniority rules
Xinxiao WANG1,Shan JIANG2,Jijia ZHANG1()
1 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China
2 The State Ethnic Affairs Commission Key Research Center for Language, Cultural, and Psychology
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Abstract  

Kinship words are those that represent each relative in the language system. These words contain a variety of information about genetics, sociology, and culture. Therefore, the study of these words has always been a very popular topic in many research fields.
According to Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT), people acquire abstract and difficult concepts by connecting them with some concrete and simple representations. Spatial metaphors are the most basic and universal type of metaphor, which means that spatial concepts often serve as the source domain to help people understand other abstract concepts better. Recent studies have shown that the multidimensional spatial representation of different semantic concepts of Chinese kinship words are psychologically real.
Thus far, only a few studies have explored the container metaphorical representations of the nature of the kinship (blood relation vs relation by marriage). A past study has shown that the embodied kinship type might be explained through an inside-outside spatial relation. To be specific, blood kinship inside, marriage kinship outside. Nevertheless, whether the process of kinship automatically activates the inside-outside spatial concept or otherwise has not been explored. Furthermore, the influence of linguistic symbol has not been fully considered in the literature. Some Chinese blood kinship words feature a linguistic symbol “外,” which means “outside” in English, whereas some marriage kinship words contain the linguistic symbol “内,” which means inside. Whether these symbols would influence the association between kinship words and the inside-outside spatial concept thus requires further research.
Three experiments were carried out to investigate whether and how the linguistic symbol changed the container metaphorical representation of the embodied relation type. Experiment 1 used a parallel spatial Stroop paradigm. Results showed that the marriage kinship words containing the linguistic symbol “内” have a higher error rate when presenting outside a circle. Moreover, the symbol “外” changed the container metaphorical representations of blood kinship words to react faster when presented outside a circle. Experiment 2 used a spatial attention orientation paradigm, and the results showed that both “内” and “外” changed the direction of the original metaphor schema of the type of kinship words. Experiment 3 actually indicated that activating the inside-outside schema changed how people recognized Chinese kinship words containing the spatial linguistic. The results of Experiment also indicate that the process of Chinese kinship words is serial.

Keywords linguistic symbol      kinship words      container metaphor     
ZTFLH:  B842  
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Issue Date: 27 July 2018
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Xinxiao WANG
Shan JIANG
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Xinxiao WANG,Shan JIANG,Jijia ZHANG. Effect of the spatial linguistic symbol on the container metaphor of seniority rules[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(9): 953-964.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00953     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2018/V50/I9/953
  
  
刺激与圆圈
的相对位置
血亲词 姻亲词
有“外”标记 无标记 有“内”标记 无标记
圈内 688 (104) 1.80 (2.20) 673 (89) 1.89 (2.63) 710 (97) 3.03 (3.41) 696 (99) 3.17 (4.01)
圈外 673 (98) 1.37 (2.56) 676 (96) 2.74 (2.94) 715 (99) 5.43 (5.67) 691 (111) 1.97 (3.36)
  
  
  
字母与圆圈
的相对位置
血亲词 姻亲词
“外”标记 无标记 “内”标记 无标记
反应时 927 (34) 836 (23) 857 (31) 943 (31)
错误率 6.79 (6.28) 5.02 (3.90) 3.95 (5.06) 9.01 (5.02)
  
字母与圆圈
的相对位置
血亲词 姻亲词
“外”标记 无标记 “内”标记 无标记
圈内 577 (78) 3.41 (3.93) 555 (79) 2.81 (3.50) 557 (78) 3.49 (5.26) 577 (78) 3.38 (4.11)
圈外 556 (85) 3.87 (4.40) 572 (80) 3.23 (2.72) 570 (83) 4.39 (4.71) 568 (79) 3.64 (4.54)
  
  
字母与圆圈
的相对位置
血亲词 姻亲词
“外”标记 无标记 “内”标记 无标记
圈内 1057 (175) 0.86 (2.19) 946 (161) 1.29 (3.30) 977 (186) 4.47 (4.47) 987 (152) 1.98 (3.28)
圈外 1037 (170) 3.11 (4.78) 953 (159) 1.75 (3.74) 1035 (180) 2.72 (3.55) 975 (170) 1.72 (4.11)
  
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[1] WANG Xinxiao; YAN Xiuying; ZHANG Jijia; DONG Fanghong. Spatial metaphors and weight metaphors of seniority rules in the semantic processing of kinship words of the same generation: Evidence from Chinese Korean nationality and the Han nationality[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(2): 174-185.
[2] HE Xiumei; ZHANG Xiani; ZHANG Jijia; XIAO Erping; WANG Juan. Cultural Schema Affect the Spatial Metaphors in the Semantic Processing of Kinship Words: The Evidence from the Han and the Moso[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(5): 584-599.
[3] Zhang Jijia;Wang Juan;Xiao Erping;He Xiumei. Influence of Culture and Circumstance on Kinship Words’ Conceptual Structure[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(8): 825-839.
[4] XIAO Er-Ping,ZHANG Ji-Jia,WANG Juan,LIN Na. The Conceptual Structure of Kinship Words of the Moso[J]. , 2010, 42(10): 955-969.
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