Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica    2018, Vol. 50 Issue (5) : 558-571     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00558
|
 When will bystanders support collective actions? The roles of claim legitimacy, protest tactic and expectations of achieving goals
 YIN Rong
 (School of Teacher Education, Weifang University, Weifang 261061, China)
Download: PDF(478 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks     Supporting Info
Guide   
Abstract   The success of protest in achieving its original aims may depend primarily on the events’ extent which shape public opinion. Collective action may play a significant and indirect role in influencing social change through changing public opinion. Partly, the success of a movement may derive from mobilizing the public to perceive a current context as illegitimate and turning bystanders into supporters. Though there is vast literature on the psychological factors promoting collective action, little is known about how collective actions influence a broader non-protesting community. The obtained articles mainly focus on the processes or mechanisms underpinning bystanders’ support for the social movement. We explored the effects of three key factors in shaping bystanders’ endorsements. This paper contains three experiments conducted to examine our hypothesis that participants were presented in a news article describing an instance of social protest during these studies. The details of the news were different in each group. Study1 was a 2(claim legitimacy: high vs. low) × 2 (protest tactics: violent vs. non-violent) design. Study2 was a 2(claim legitimacy: high vs. low) × 2 (protest tactics: violent vs. non-violent) × 2(expectation of achieving goals: high vs. low) design. Participants were asked to indicate their perceptions of the claim legitimacy, their support for the protests and other questions. Study 3 followed the pattern of Study2, but the background event was different. Results of Study1 showed that protests with legitimate claims were more supported than those with illegitimate claims in contexts of non-violent tactics. Meanwhile, there was only marginal difference of endorsements between participants in high-legitimacy group and low-legitimacy group when collective actions were violent. Study2 showed that in context of violent tactics, participants’ expectations of achieving goals could moderate the relation between claim legitimacy and their endorsements for collective actions. Participants’ supports for violent actions were positively predicted by claim legitimacy when there were little possibilities to achieve goals. However, this effect didn’t exist when possibilities of achieving goals were high. While in contexts of non-violent tactics, expectations of achieving goals did not affect participants’ endorsements for collective action. Only the factor of claim legitimacy was effective. The results of sStudy3 revalidated the results of Study2. The conclusions of the research is as following. First, legitimacy of the claims is the primary factor affecting bystanders’ support for collective action. Only when the protest’s aims accord with moral standards of the public will it gain the endorsements of public. Second, the use of violent tactics could even reduce bystanders’ endorsements of those protests with very legitimate claims. Violence may be seen as an action of alienation from the mainstream,which undermines the broader perceived legitimacy of a movement. Third, low possibility of achieving goals could inspire bystanders’ endorsements of violent collective actions when the claims are legitimate. Bystanders will lower their hostilities toward violence when they expect it will be very hard to achieve legitimate claims.
Keywords collective action      bystander      claim legitimacy      non-violent action      violent action     
ZTFLH:     
  B849: C91  
Fund: 
Corresponding Authors: YIN Rong, E-mail: yorkns@sina.cn     E-mail: E-mail: yorkns@sina.cn
Issue Date: 31 March 2018
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
YIN Rong
Cite this article:   
YIN Rong.  When will bystanders support collective actions? The roles of claim legitimacy, protest tactic and expectations of achieving goals[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(5): 558-571.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00558     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2018/V50/I5/558
[1] HUANG Feng, DING Qian, WEI Hua, HONG Jianzhong.  Effects of post thematic characteristics on knowledge sharing in the virtual community: The bystander effect perspective[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(2): 226-234.
[2] YIN Rong; ZHANG Feifei; WANG Yuanyuan; ZANG Rixia. Protest encounters setback: Effects of emotional reactions on participation intention in context of frustrate collective action[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(4): 482-499.
[3] XUE Ting;CHEN Hao;YUE Guoan;YAO Qi. Collective Action Participation: Effects of Multiple Social Identities on Group-Based Emotions and Efficacy Paths[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(8): 899-920.
[4] ZHANG Shu-Wei,WANG Er-Ping,ZHOU-Jie. The Motivation Mechanism of Collective Action in Different Contexts[J]. , 2012, 44(4): 524-545.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech