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Acta Psychologica Sinica    2017, Vol. 49 Issue (11) : 1357-1369     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01357
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 Parafoveal preview benefits during silent and oral reading
 GAO Min1; LI Lin1; XIANG Huiwen1; SUI Xue1; Ralph Radach2
 (1 School of Psychological Science, Liaoning Normal University; Collaborative Innovation Center for Healthy Personality Assessment and Training of Children and Adolescents, Dalian 116029, China) (2 Department of General and Biological Psychology, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal 42119, Germany)
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Abstract   The researches pay more attention to the parafoveal preview benefits (PPB) in the field of reading and language comprehension. Most of previous studies about PPB were done in silent reading. Those studies mainly investigated whether there is PPB and what type the PPB is. Seldom researches are done about oral reading. We cannot find the literature about the extraction time of preview information during Chinese reading. Thus, present study used the boundary paradigm to explore the differences of PPB between silent and oral reading in Chinese. In experiment 1, in order to explore the effect of the preview of word N when word N-1 was fixated during silent and oral reading, we manipulated the preview condition of word N (masking preview and target preview) and reading modes (silent reading and oral reading). The results show that parafoveal preview information plays an important role in eye movement control during oral reading and silent reading. The preview benefits in oral reading are smaller than that in silent reading. In experiment 2, to explore the effect of the extraction time of preview information of word N when word N-1 was fixated during silent and oral reading, we manipulated parafoveal preview time (0 ms, 50 ms, 100 ms and 150 ms) and reading modes (silent reading and oral reading). The results show that during silent reading, the extraction of parafoveal information might start immediately at the beginning of fixating the word N, but during oral reading, it might start relatively late. In summary, during Chinese reading, parafoveal preview can extract the information during silent reading and oral reading. However, there is significant difference of parafoveal process between silent reading and oral reading. First of all, PPB in silent reading is bigger than that in oral reading. Secondly, parafoveal preview information extraction during oral reading is later than that during silent reading. The last but not least, parafoveal information extraction did not start immediately when pre-target word was fixated. This finding is consistent with the theory of sequential attention shift. But there is not the same phenomenon in silent reading.
Keywords silent reading      oral reading      preview benefit      boundary paradigm     
ZTFLH:     
  B842  
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Corresponding Authors: SUI Xue, E-mail: suixue88@163.com; Ralph Radach, E-mail: radach@uni-wuppertal.de     E-mail: E-mail: suixue88@163.com; Ralph Radach, E-mail: radach@uni-wuppertal.de
Issue Date: 25 September 2017
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GAO Min
LI Lin
XIANG Huiwen
SUI Xue
Ralph Radach
Cite this article:   
GAO Min,LI Lin,XIANG Huiwen, et al.  Parafoveal preview benefits during silent and oral reading[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(11): 1357-1369.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01357     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2017/V49/I11/1357
[1] BAI Xuejun; WANG Yongsheng; GUO Zhiying; GAO Xiaolei; YAN Guoli. The Preview of Word N+2 Influences the High Frequency Word N+1 Processing in Chinese Reading[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(2): 143-156.
[2] XU Baihua;LI Yuming;CUI Xiangyu. The Role of Surface Color Feature Cue in Object Persistence under Two Different Spatiotemporal Conditions[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(6): 649-657.
[3] LIU Zhifang;YAN Guoli;ZHANG Zhijun;PAN Yun;YANG Guifang. Preview Benefits and Word Segmentations When Reading Chinese[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(6): 614-625.
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