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Acta Psychologica Sinica    2017, Vol. 49 Issue (8) : 1100-1112     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01100
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 Benevolent leadership and subordinate innovative behavior: The mediating role of perceived insider status and the moderating role of leader-member exchange differentiation
 SHEN Yimo1; CHOU Wanju2; WEI Lihua1; ZHANG Qinglin1
 (1 School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China) (2 Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University, Taipei city 10617, China)
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Abstract   For a long time, some scholars held that benevolent leadership contributes to employee innovative behavior because it provides subordinates with psychological safety, more resources and supports. However, some other scholars argued that benevolent leadership could increase subordinates’ role obligation, loyalty and obedience to supervisor, which would restrain subordinates’ creativity or innovative behavior. Thus, some scholars appealed that researchers should explore the relationship between benevolent leadership and innovative behavior, especially make out how, why, and when benevolent leadership facilitate innovative behavior in the future. We collected the data from 68 supervisors and 215 subordinates at two different time points. In the first survey, the subordinates were asked to provide information about benevolent leadership and their demography. Three months later, these subordinates were asked to answer some questions about leader-member exchange (LMX), perceived insider status, and their supervisor rated their innovative behavior. Hierarchical linear modeling technique was employed to test the hypothesis about the moderating role of LMX differentiation in the relationship between benevolent leadership and perceived insider status, while bootstrap analysis procedures were used to examine the moderated-mediation relationship among the variables in the study. Analyses of multilevel, multisource and lagged data from 68 supervisors and 215 subordinates showed that (1) perceived insider status can mediate the relationship between benevolent leadership and innovative behavior; (2) LMX differentiation moderates the relationship between benevolent leadership and perceived insider status, i.e., the relationship will be stronger when LMX differentiation is high; (3) and the indirect relationships of benevolent leadership with innovative behavior via perceived insider status, i.e., the positive indirect relationship will also be strengthened when LMX differentiation is high. These findings extend our understanding of the relationship between benevolent leadership and innovative behavior, and specify how, why and when we can increase the positive influence of benevolent leadership on innovative behavior. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Keywords  benevolent leadership      perceived insider status      LMX differentiation      innovative behavior     
ZTFLH:     
  B849:C93  
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Corresponding Authors: SHEN Yimo, E-mail: shenym1980@126.com     E-mail: E-mail: shenym1980@126.com
Issue Date: 25 June 2017
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SHEN Yimo
CHOU Wanju
WEI Lihua
ZHANG Qinglin
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SHEN Yimo,CHOU Wanju,WEI Lihua, et al.  Benevolent leadership and subordinate innovative behavior: The mediating role of perceived insider status and the moderating role of leader-member exchange differentiation[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(8): 1100-1112.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01100     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2017/V49/I8/1100
[1] TU Xingyong; ZHANG Qi; WANG Zeyin; HE Xin. Trust climate, perceived insider status and employee’ in-role performance: A mediated moderator model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 83-93.
[2] YANG Fu;ZHANG Li-Hua. Effects of Team Communication and Job Insecurity Climate on Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Role of Creative Self-Efficacy[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(10): 1383-1401.
[3] YIN Jun;WANG Hui;HUANG Ming-Peng. Empowering Leadership Behavior and Perceived Insider Status: The Moderating Role of Organization-based Self-esteem[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(10): 1371-1382.
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