Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica    2016, Vol. 48 Issue (12) : 1561-1573     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.01561
|
A meta-analysis of the relationship between organizational identification and turnover intention
ZHANG Shuhua1; LIU Zhaoyan2
(1 Institute of Human Resource Development and Management, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034, China) (2 School of Education Science, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034, China) (3 Basic Teaching Department, Shandong Maritime Vocation College, Weifang 261108, China)
Download: PDF(476 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

Employee’ turnover behavior has been an important issue in management circles because it will inevitably bring certain loss for the enterprise. Turnover intention, as the precursor of employee’ turnover behavior, can effectively predict individual behavior of changing job. Importantly, organizational identification, as a core organization construct, can has a significant impact on the turnover intention. Since Riketta’s (2005) meta-analysis on the relationship between organizational identification and antecedents/outcomes of organizational identification, increasing numbers of empirical studies have been published in the field of organizational behavior. The present research to examine in-depth research on the relationship between organizational identification and turnover intention seems timely. Meta-analysis was used in this study to aggregate results from studies examining the relationship between organizational identification and turnover intention. We included studies in both English and Chinese which were conducted between 1985 to 2015. Fifty-nine studies, which included a total of 71 independent samples and 23180 participants, met the criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis. This overall sample was also divided into subgroups for moderator analysis. Data was analyzed utilizing the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) Version 3 program. There are four major analyses in this research, including heterogeneity test, publication bias test, main effect analysis and moderation effect analysis. The test for heterogeneity showed that there was significant heterogeneity in the 71 independent effect sizes, so a random effects model was used as the meta-analysis model. The publication bias test indicated that the impact of publication bias was not statistically significant. Results showed a strong positive correlation (r = −0.453) between organizational identification and turnover intention. Additionally, results indicated that different dimensions in the organizational identification scales and the participants’ industry would moderate the relationship between organizational identification and turnover intention, but the moderation effects through turnover intention scale of different cognitive structure and culture background were not statistically significant. Specifically, in the moderator of organizational identification scales, there was a strong link between organizational identification and turnover intention with the using of organizational identification scales that is composed of the cognitive, affective and evaluative dimensions. In contrast, the link through organizational identification scales with the cognitive dimension was weak. Secondly, for participants in the leasing and business services industry, the correlation between organizational identification and turnover intention was stronger than those in other industries. Results suggest that organizational identification can effectively predict turnover intention. Researchers are expected to emphasize the importance of measuring tools and the particularity of some industries in their further research of organizational identification. Overall, the findings provided empirical evidences on the importance of organizational identification in determining turnover intention, which helps to guide future research.

Keywords organizational identification      turnover intention      meta-analysis      moderate effect     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Shuhua, E-mail: zhangshuhua2000@126.com    
Issue Date: 24 December 2016
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Cite this article:   
ZHANG Shuhua; LIU Zhaoyan. A meta-analysis of the relationship between organizational identification and turnover intention[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica,2016, 48(12): 1561-1573.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.01561     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2016/V48/I12/1561
[1] REN Zhihong, Zhang Yawen, JIANG Guangrong.  Effectiveness of mindfulness meditation in intervention for anxiety: A meta-analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(3): 283-305.
[2] YANG Ruijuan, YOU Xuqun.  Advancing the Effort-Reward Imbalance Model: Economic rewards influence on teachers’ mental health[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(9): 1184-1194.
[3] ZHAO Mengxue; FENG Zhengzhi; WANG Yichao; LAI Wei; HU Feng; LIU Keyu; XIA Fan; JIANG Juan; WANG Jia; XIA Lei. Chinese military mental health at high altitude, 1993-2013: A cross-temporal meta-analysis of SCL-90[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(5): 653-662.
[4] CHENG Ken, LIN Yinghui.  Congruence in organizational support and new generation employees’ turnover intention: The mediating role of employee well-being[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(12): 1570-1580.
[5] REN Zhihong, RUAN Yijun, ZHAO Qingbai, ZHANG Wei, LAI Lizu, JIANG Guangrong.  The neuropsychological mechanism of therapy in depression and anxiety disorder: A meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(10): 1302-1321.
[6] YU Zengyan; ZHAO Ameng; LIU Aishu. Childhood maltreatment and depression: A Meta-Analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 40-49.
[7] XIE Heping; WANG Fuxing; ZHOU Zongkui; WU Peng. Cueing effect in multimedia learning: A meta-analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(5): 540-555.
[8] HUANG Silin; HOU Jiawei; ZHANG Mei; XIN Ziqiang; ZHANG Hongchuan; SUN Ling; DOU Donghui. A Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis of Changes in Chinese Migrant Workers’ Mental Health: 1995~2011[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 466-477.
[9] ZHOU Wenxia; XIE Baoguo; XIN Xun; BAI Guanglin; MIAO Rentao. A Meta-Analysis on Effects of Human, Social, and Psychological Capital on Career Success in Chinese Business Organizations[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(2): 251-263.
[10] GAO Zhonghua;ZHAO Chen. Does Organizational Politics at the Workplace Harm Employees’ Job Performance? A Person-Organization Fit Perspective[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(8): 1124-1143.
[11] WU Peng;LIU Huashan. Association between Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(8): 1192-1207.
[12] GAO Zhonghua;ZHAO Chen. Why Is It Difficult to Balance Work and Family? An Analysis Based on Work-Family Boundary Theory[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(4): 552-568.
[13] LAI Han;XU Miao;SONG Yiying;LIU Jia. Distinct and Shared Neural Basis Underlying Music and Language: A Perspective from Meta-analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(3): 285-297.
[14] YU Haibo;ZHENG Xiaoming. The Impact of Employee Career Adaptability: Multilevel Analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(6): 680-693.
[15] LAI Han;XU Miao;SONY Yiying;LIU Jia. The Neural Mechanism underlying Music Perception: A Meta-analysis of fMRI Studies[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(5): 491-507.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech