Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
Positive affect and selective attention: Approach-motivation intensity influences the early and late attention processing stages
LIU Fang; DING Jinhong; ZHANG Qin
(Beijing Key Laboratory of “Learning & Cognition”; Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China)
Download: PDF(705 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

According to the Motivational Dimensional Model of Affect, positive affects that varies in approach motivational intensity have diverse impacts on cognitive processes. Previous studies used the local-global visual-processing task and Navon task to examine the attentional consequences of approach-motivated positive affect, and demonstrated that positive affect which is high in approach-motivation reduced the breadth of attention, whereas low approach-motivated positive affect increased global attention. Most of these researches were done by measuring response time (RT). So far, however, relatively little is known about the neural mechanisms of this phenomenon. Studies of attention have suggested that attention operates at both early (sensory input) and late (response selection) processing stages. The high temporal resolution of event-related potentials (ERPs) allows for a more detailed analysis of the time course of attention processing. Therefore the present study used ERP technology and Flanker task to explore whether the effect of motivational intensity on the breadth of attention occurred at the early or the late attention processing stage. Twenty participants (six men and fourteen women) took part in this experiment. Pictures of dessert and scene were used to induce participants’ high and low approach-motivated positive affect. After viewing each picture, participants were asked to accomplish Flanker task, which was, respond to the central target letter by pressing a corresponding button. In 75% of the Flanker tasks, a white rectangular probe stimulus was presented on the left or right of the central letter. EEG activity was recorded during the whole process of the experiment. The results showed that, during the interval of 90~130 ms after Flanker letters onset, the Flanker letters with probe stimuli under high approach-motivated positive affect evoked smaller P1 than the low approach-motivated positive affect. It might suggest that high approach-motivated positive affect narrows the focus of attention during visual input stage. In addition, the Flanker letters under high approach-motivated positive affect evoked the more negative N2b component between 280 and 350 ms; however, at 400~600 ms, the low approach-motivated positive affect evoked a larger P3 component. These results indicated that the high approach-motivated positive affect enhanced the capability of interference suppression, and the participants under low approach-motivated positive affect would pay more attention to periphery stimulus. In sum, the emotional motivational intensity not only impacted the early stage of attention processing but also modulated the late attention processing.

Keywords positive affect      motivational intensity      attention      ERP     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Qin, E-mail: zhangqin@cnu.edu.cn    
Issue Date: 25 July 2016
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
LIU Fang
DING Jinhong
ZHANG Qin
Cite this article:   
LIU Fang,DING Jinhong,ZHANG Qin. Positive affect and selective attention: Approach-motivation intensity influences the early and late attention processing stages[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00794
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00794     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2016/V48/I7/794
[1] SUN Yueliang; ZHENG Weiyi; HE Xianyou. The processing of pure decimal numbers: Selective access or parallel access?[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(5): 611-621.
[2] HU Cenlou; ZHANG Bao; HUANG Sai. Does irrelevant long-term memory representation guide the deployment of visual attention?[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(5): 590-601.
[3] DUAN Jinyun; SHI Jiayi; LING Bin. The influence of high commitment organization on employee voice behavior: A dual-process model examination[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(4): 539-553.
[4] YANG Zhaoning; GU Zibei; WANG Dujuan; TAN Xuyun; WANG Xiaoming. The effect of anger and sadness on prosocial decision making: The role of the interpersonal attribution of responsibility[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(3): 393-403.
[5] ZHAO Simin; WU Yan; LI Tianhong; GUO Qingtong. Morpho-semantic processing in Chinese word recognition: An ERP study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(3): 296-306.
[6] SUN Juncai; SHI Rong. Attentional bias to crying facial expressions: Evidence from eye movements[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(2): 155-163.
[7] YU Wei; WANG Aijun; ZHANG Ming. Effect of selective and divided attentions on auditory dominance in multisensory integration[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(2): 164-173.
[8] ZHANG Lin; LIU Shen; XU Qiang; WU Xiaoyan; YANG Mengyuan. Long-term effect of violence exposure in real-life on aggressive behaviors: A moderated mediation model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 50-59.
[9] ZHANG Bao; HU Cenlou; Huang Sai. What do eye movements reveal about the role of cognitive control in attention guidance from working memory representation[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1105-1118.
[10] LIU Li; BAI Xuejun. The effects of attentional control setting and types of cues on attentional capture[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1093-1104.
[11] LI Caina; SUN Ying; TUO Rui; LIU Jia. The effects of attachment security on interpersonal trust: The moderating role of attachment anxiety[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(8): 989-1001.
[12] SONG Juan; GUO Fengbo; ZHANG Zhen; YUAN Sheng; JIN Hua; WANG Yiwen. Interpersonal distance influences on pain empathy: Friends priming effect[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(7): 833-844.
[13] WANG Huiyuan; SUI Jie; ZHANG Ming. The effect of cue-target relevance and search strategies on attentional capture: Evidence from meaning cues[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(7): 783-793.
[14] XU Ju; HU Yuanyan; WANG Shuang; LI Aisu; ZHANG Ming; ZHANG Yang. Cognitive neural mechanism of training effect on inhibition of return: Evidence from an ERP study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(6): 658-670.
[15] WU Yan; MO Deyuan; WANG Haiying; YU Yiyang; CHEN Hsuan-Chih; ZHANG Ming. ERP effects of position-specific radicals in Chinese character recognition: Evidence from semantic categorization[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(6): 599-606.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech